Institut für Feuerungs- und Kraftwerkstechnik

Publikationen 2000 bis 2008

Veröffentlichungen der Jahre 2000 bis 2008

  1. 2008

    1. K. B. Ang, G. Baumbach, W. Dreher, and P. Pesch, “A method to identify traffic-related particulate matters in urban air,” in 6th Better Air Quality, 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    2. K. B. Ang, G. Baumbach, U. Vogt, W. Dreher, and P. Pesch, “Identifikation von Feinstäuben an einem verkehrsreichen Standort in Stuttgart durch korngrößenspezifische Partikelsammlung und -analyse,” in Neue Entwicklungen bei der Messung und Beurteilung der Luftqualität, 24.-25.06.2008, Nürnberg. VDI-Berichte 2040, 2008.
    3. K. B. Ang, “Luftreinhaltung,” in Das Expertenlesebuch, vol. 1, M. Steierwald, Ed. Aachen: Shaker Verl., 2008.
    4. K. B. Ang et al., “Street cleaning as PM control method,” in 6th Better Air Quality, 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    5. K. B. Ang et al., “Effects of street cleaning on dust loads on street surfaces and ambient PM concentrations in Stuttgart Neckartor, Germany,” in European Aerosol Conference, 24 - 29 August 2008, Helexpo Thessaloniki, Greece : EAC 2008, Thessaloniki, 2008.
    6. M. Arkouli et al., “A practical and low-cost method to access the air quality in large cities - Buenos Aires experience,” in 6th Better Air Quality, 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    7. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, B. Kuch, and G. Scheffknecht, “Contribution of wood combustion to organic particulate matter in residential areas,” in 6th Better Air Quality, 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    8. B. Beeh, K. Brechtel, B. Stöver, K. Strauss, and G. Scheffknecht, “Impact of mechanical-thermal de-watering (MTE) on the demineralization of lignite,” in 8th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, 25.-28.03.2008, Vilamoura, Portugal, 2008.
    9. K. Brechtel, V. Stack-Lara, and G. Scheffknecht, “Einfluss der Zusammensetzung von SCR-DeNOx-Katalysatoren auf die Quecksilberoxidation,” in VGB-Konferenz Chemie im Kraftwerk 2008, Essen, 2008.
    10. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Entwicklung aminhaltiger Waschlösungen zur Abtrennung von CO2 aus Rauchgasen,” VGB PowerTech, vol. 7, pp. 96–101, 2008.
    11. A. Charitos, C. Hawthorne, A. Bidwe, L. He, and G. Scheffknecht, “Design of a dual fluidised bed system for the post-combustion removal of CO2 using CaO : Part 2: Scaled cold model investigation,” in 9th International Conference on Circulating Fluidized Beds in conjunction with 4th International VGB Workshop Öperating Experience with Fluidized Bed Firing Systems", 13.-16.05.2008, Hamburg, 2008.
    12. G. Dunnu, J. Maier, T. Hilber, and G. Scheffknecht, “Analytical procedure to characterise SRF for direct co-firing in large PF power plants,” in 7th European Conference on Coal Research and Its Applications, 03.-05.09.2008, Cardiff, 2008, no. 88,12.
    13. P. Galindo Cifre et al., “Integration of a chemical process model in a power plant modelling tool for the simulation of an amine based CO2 scrubber,” in 33rd International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization and Fuel Systems, 01.-05.06.2008, Clearwater,  Florida, USA, 2008.
    14. A. Gerhardt et al., “Investigation of the influence of SRF-Co-Combustion on Chlorine Corrosion Risk of Superheaters at a CFB boiler,” in 4th VGB Workshop, Operating Experiences with CFB-Systems, 13.-16.05.2008, Hamburg, 2008.
    15. A. Gerhardt, J. Maier, G. Scheffknecht, and T. Glorius, “The RECOFUEL-project - demonstation of co-firing of solid recovered fuels in European lignite fired power plants,” in Second International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste, 17.-20.11.2008, Venice, Italy, 2008.
    16. A. Gerhardt et al., “Mitverbrennung von Sekundärbrennstoffen mit rheinischer Braunkohle,” in 40. Kraftwerktechnisches Kolloquium: Künftiges Brennstoff- und Technologieportfolio in der Kraftwerkstechnik, Dresden, 2008.
    17. J. P. Kim, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “Comparison of different global reaction mechanisms for MILD combustion of natural gas,” Combustion Science and Technology, vol. 180, no. 4, pp. 565–592, DOI: 10.1080/00102200701838735, 2008.
    18. J. Maier, P. Mönckert, B. Dhungel, R. Kull, and G. Scheffknecht, “Impact of combustion conditions on emission formation (SO2, NOX) and fly ash,” in IEA 3rd International Oxy-combustion Workshop, 04.-06.03.2008, Yokohama, Japan, 2008.
    19. J. Maier, A. Fuller, A. Gerhardt, and G. Scheffknecht, “Characterization of co-combustion lignite fly ashes for use in existing fields of applications and for evaluating the fouling and corrosion tendencies,” in Impacts of Fuel Quality on Power Production & Environment, 29.09.2008-03.10.2008, Banff, Canada, 2008.
    20. N. Poboss, S. Kicherer, C. Hawthorne, A. Schuster, and G. Scheffknecht, “Investigation of Alkali Behaviour during the absorption enhanced reforming,” in 16th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 02.-06.06.2008, Valencia, Spain, 2008.
    21. D. Ristic, M. Schneider, A. Schuster, G. Scheffknecht, and J. Wünning, “Investigation of NOx formation for flameless coal combustion,” in 7th HTACG Symposium, 13.-16.01.2008, Phuket (Thailand), 2008.
    22. G. Scheffknecht, “Fossil fuel based power generation and green-house-gas emissions - state of the art and perspective,” International journal of energy for a CLEAN environment, vol. 9, no. 1–3, pp. 179–194, 2008.
    23. G. Scheffknecht and J. Maier, “Firing issues related to the oxyfuel process,” VGB PowerTech, vol. 88, no. 11, pp. 91–97, 2008.
    24. A. Schuster, S. Erhardt, G. Scheffknecht, and J. Wünning, “Conversion of ammonia to NOx for flameless oxidation of low calorific value gas,” in 7th HTACG Symposium, 13.-16.01.2008, Phuket (Thailand), 2008.
    25. M. Treuer, “Flachheitsbasierte Zwei-Freiheitsgrade-Regelung von Speicherwasserkraftwerken,” in 42. Regelungstechnisches Kolloquium, 20.-22.02.2008, Boppard, 2008.
    26. X. Wei, X. Han, U. Schnell, G. Scheffknecht, and B. Risio, “Modeling of the NOx and SOx formation in pulverized coal combustion with detailed reaction mechanisms,” Chinese journal of theoretical and applied mechanics, 2008.
    27. T. Weißbach and E. Welfonder, “Electric power balance in deregulated electricity markets - consequences and requirements to generators,” in VGB Workshop - 4th ETC Generation and Technology - Impact of Grid Management on Power Plant Operation, 15.10.2008, Köln, 2008.
    28. T. Weißbach and E. Welfonder, “Improvement of the performance of scheduled stepwise power programme changes within the European power system,” in 17th World Congress, The International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC), 06.-11.07.2008, Seoul, Korea, 2008.
    29. T. Weißbach and E. Welfonder, “Verbesserte Umsetzung handelsbedingter Leistungsänderungen in Kraftwerken und Netz,” in 9. GMA/ETG Fachtagung Netzregelung und Systemführung, 05.-06.03.2008, München. ETG-Fachbericht 109, 2008.
    30. E. Welfonder, T. Weißbach, U. Schulz, G. Zeitler, and J. Nielsen, “Improvement of the performance of scheduled stepwise power programme changes within the European power system,” in CIGRE Session 2008, 24.-29.08.2008, Paris, 2008.
    31. L. Yerihemzon, J. Maier, and A. Fuller, “Granulation process of molten slag, reducing emission of gases and improving quality of the Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GBFS),” in 4th Global Slag Conference & Exhibition, 10.-11.11.2008, Strasbourg, France, 2008.
  2. 2007

    1. C. Acuna-Caro, H. Thorwarth, G. Scheffknecht, and F. Delle, “Parameters influencing mercury behaviour in FGD systems,” in Third International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies for Our Future, 15.-17.05.2007, Cagliari and Carbonia, Sardinia, Italy, 2007.
    2. K. B. Ang et al., “Identfication of traffic-related PM sources at a high traffic site in Stuttgart, Germany,” in 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 27.-29.03.2007, Nicosia, Cyprus, 2007.
    3. K. B. Ang, G. Baumbach, G. Scheffknecht, W. Dreher, and P. Pesch, “Characterisation and size distribution of airborne particles in urban traffic and background sites at Stuttgart Neckartor,” in European Aerosol Conference 2007, 09.-14.09.2007, Salzburg, Austria, 2007.
    4. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, B. Kuch, and G. Scheffknecht, “Determination of particle-phase organic compounds as wood burning tracers in a residential site of Germany,” in AAAR 26th Annual Conference, 24.-28.09.2007, Reno, Nevada, USA, 2007.
    5. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, G. Scheffknecht, and B. Kuch, “Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from different sources of urban areas in Germany,” in European Aerosol Conference, 09.-14.09.2007, Salzburg, Austria, 2007.
    6. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, G. Scheffknecht, and B. Kuch, “Sources of particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a residential site in southern Gemany,” in 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 27.-29.03.2007, Limassol,  Cyprus, 2007.
    7. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, L. Sarachaga-Ruiz, and S. Kleanthous, “Characterization of ambient particulate matter on a mediterranean island,” in First International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Planning and Economics, 24.-28.06.2007, Skiathos, Greece, 2007.
    8. G. Baumbach, H. Pfeiffer, S. Kleanthous, O. Poulida, and E. Beyaz, “Assessment of air quality in Cyprus,” in 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 27.-29.03.2007, Limassol, Cyprus, 2007.
    9. G. Baumbach, K. B. Ang, M. A. Bari, U. Vogt, and Y. Zeng, “Untersuchung der Ursachen hoher Feinstaubbelastung an verkehrsreichen Straßen und der Eigenschaften und Herkunft der gesammelten PM10-Stäube des Messortes Stuttgart-Neckartor,” in Emissionsarme Biomassefeuerungen, Stuttgart: IVD, 2007.
    10. G. Baumbach et al., “Air quality as an integrating factor for the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities,” in 14th IUPPA World Congress, 09.-13-09.2007, Brisbane, Australia, 2007.
    11. G. Baumbach, U. Vogt, M. Ahmad, P. Mönckert, and S. Kleanthous, “Tethered balloon soundings of air pollutants above the cities of Nicosia and Limassol in Cyprus,” in 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 27.-29.03.2007, Limassol, Cyprus, 2007.
    12. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Entwicklung von aminhaltigen Waschlösungen zur Abtrennung von CO2 aus Rauchgasen,” in VGB Chemie im Kraftwerk, 23.10.2007, Rostock-Warnemünde, 2007.
    13. W. Bächlin, C. Sörgel, M. Struschka, W. Juschka, G. Baumbach, and A. Trukenmöller, “Tool für die Planung zur Abschätzung der Luftbelastung in Wohngebieten auf Grund verstärkter Verfeuerung fester Biomasse,” in METTOOLS VI - Fachtagung des Fachausschusses Umweltmeteorologie der Deutschen Meteorologischen Gesellschaft, 24.-26.04.2007, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 2007.
    14. B. Dhungel, J. Maier, and G. Scheffknecht, “Emission behaviour during oxy-coal combustion in a 20 kW once through furnace,” in Ninth International Conference on Energy for a Clean Environment, 02.-05.07.2007, Povoa de Varzim, Portugal, 2007.
    15. B. Dhungel, P. Mönckert, J. Maier, and G. Scheffknecht, “Investigation of oxy-coal combustion in semi-technical test facilities,” in Third International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies for Our Future, 15.-17.05.2007, Sardinia, Italy, 2007.
    16. G. Dunnu, J. Maier, and A. Gerhardt, “Thermal utilisation of solid recovered fuels as part of an integrated waste management concept,” in First International Conference on Environmental Research, Technology and Policy ERTEP 2007, 17.-19.07.2007, Accra, Ghana, 2007.
    17. P. Galindo Cifre, K. Brechtel, and G. Scheffknecht, “Kopplung eines chemischen Simulationsprogramms mit EBSILON für die Modellierung eines CO2-Amin-Wäschers,” in EBSILON Anwendertagung, 22.11.2007, Bensheim, 2007.
    18. A. Gerhardt, J. Maier, and G. Scheffknecht, “Co-combustion and standardisation of solid recovered fuels in Europe,” in International Conference on Coal Science and Technology, 28.-31.08.2007, Nottingham, UK, 2007.
    19. A. Gerhardt, G. Dunnu, and J. Maier, “Untersuchungen zu Sekundärbrennstoffen und den Einfluss ihrer Eigenschaften auf die Mitverbrennung,” in 23. Deutscher Flammentag: Verbrennung und Feuerung, 12.-13.09.2007, Berlin. VDI-Berichte 1988, 2007.
    20. U. Jäger, H. Thorwarth, C. Acuna-Caro, and G. Scheffknecht, Verhalten von Quecksilber und seinen Verbindungen in staubhaltigen Rauchgasen . Abschlussbericht zum AiF-Forschungsvorhaben Nr. 13 534 N. Stuttgart, 2007.
    21. J. P. Kim, U. Schnell, G. Scheffknecht, and A. C. Benim, “Numerical modelling of MILD combustion for coal,” Progress in computational fluid dynamics, vol. 7, no. 6, DOI: 10.1504/PCFD.2007.014683, 2007.
    22. J. P. Kim, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “Numerical modeling of MILD combustion,” in 23. Deutscher Flammentag: Verbrennung und Feuerung, 12.-13.09.2007, Berlin. VDI-Berichte 1988, 2007, no. 1988.
    23. S. Kleanthous, M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, and L. Sarachaga-Ruiz, “The particulate matter problem in Cyprus,” in 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 27.-29.03.2007, Limassol, Cyprus, 2007.
    24. J. Lehner and M. Kurth, “Oscillation behaviour of the enlarged European interconnected network including the Turkish power system,” in PowerGrid Europe 2007, 26.-28.06.2007, Madrid, Spain, 2007.
    25. J. Lehner, “Global and local effects of decentralised electric power generation on the grid in the western Balkan countries,” in 4th Dubrovnik conference on sustainable development of energy water and environment systems, 04.-08.06.2007, Dubrovnik, Kroatien, 2007.
    26. S. Leiser, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “A kinetic homogeneous reaction model for oxy-fuel combustion,” in Ninth International Conference on Energy for a Clean Environment, 02.-04.07.2007, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, 2007.
    27. J. Maier, B. Dhungel, P. Mönckert, and G. Scheffknecht, “Combustion and emission behaviour under oxy-fuel condifiton,” in 39. Kraftwerktechnisches Kolloquium: Verfahren und Anlagen der Hochtemperaturenergietechnik, 11. und 12. Oktober 2007, Dresden, 2007.
    28. P. Mönckert, D. Reber, J. Maier, and G. Scheffknecht, “Operation of a retrofited 0,5 MWth PF combustion facility under oxyfuel conditions - an experience report,” in 32nd International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 10.-15.06.2007, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2007.
    29. D. Ristic, R. Berger, G. Scheffknecht, C. Lacour, D. Honore, and J. Wünning, “Experimental study on flameless oxidation of pulverised coal under air staging conditions,” in 15th IFRF Member’s Conference: Combustion in an efficient and environmentally acceptable manner, 13.-15.06.2007, Pisa, Italy, 2007.
    30. G. Scheffknecht et al., “Coupled simulation of the combustion and steam generation process in large utility boilers,” in 32nd International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 10.-15.06.2007, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2007.
    31. G. Scheffknecht, H. Dieter, J. Hetzer, U. Schnell, C. Götte, and T. Sabel, “Coupled simulation of the combustion and steam generation process in large utility boilers,” in Third International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies for our Future, 15.-17.05.2007, Cagliari and Carbonia, Sardinia, Italy, 2007.
    32. A. Schuster, M. Zieba, G. Scheffknecht, and J. Wünning, “Optimisation of conventional biomass combustion system by applying flameless oxidation,” in 15th IFRF Member’s Conference: Combustion in an efficient and environmentally acceptable manner, 13.-15.06.2007, Pisa, Italien, 2007.
    33. A. Schuster, M. Zieba, G. Scheffknecht, and J. Wünning, “Application of FLOX technology for the utilisation of low-grade biofuels,” in 15th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 07.-11.05.2007, Berlin, 2007.
    34. H. Schürmann, P. B. Monkhouse, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “In situ parametric study of alkali release in pulverized coal combustion,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute - Effects of operating conditions and gas composition, vol. 31, 2007.
    35. M. Struschka, W. Juschka, W. Bächlin, and C. Sörgel, “Detaillierte Berechnung von Emissionen und Immissionen aus Kleinfeuerungsanlagen,” in 6. Stuttgarter Holzfeuerungs-Kolloquium: Emissionsarme Biomassefeuerungen, 26.09.2007 Stuttgart, 2007.
    36. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Impact of municipal sewage sludge co-combustion on trace element behaviour in coal-fired boilers,” in 2007 International Conference on Coal Science and Technology, 28.-31.08.2007, Nottingham, UK, 2007.
    37. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Influence of ammonia on mercury behaviour,” in 4th International Experts’ Workshop, Mercury Emissions from Coal, June 2007, Tokyo, Japan, 2007.
    38. H. Thorwarth, V. Stack-Lara, and G. Scheffknecht, “Impact of fly ash constituents on the behaviour of ionic and elemental mercury,” in 32nd International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 10.-15.06.2007, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2007.
    39. M. Treuer, T. Weissbach, M. Kurth, and V. Hagenmeyer, “Flatness-based two-degree-of-freedom control of a pumped storage power station,” in European Control Conference, ECC ’07, 02.-05.07.2007, Kos, Griechenland, 2007.
    40. U. Vogt et al., “Air quality and urban climate investigations in the megacity of Buenos Aires,” in 6th International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 27.-29.03.2007, Nikosia, 2007.
    41. E. Welfonder, “Sinnvolle sozio-ökonomische Weiterentwicklung der globalisierten Gesellschaft,” at - Automatisierungstechnik, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 418–439, 2007.
  3. 2006

    1. C. Acuna-Caro, H. Thorwarth, and G. Scheffknecht, “A thermodynamic study on the effects of individual flue gas components on mercury speciation,” PowerPlant Chemistry, no. 6, pp. 374–381, 2006.
    2. K. Andersson, P. Mönckert, J. Maier, G. Scheffknecht, and F. Johnsson, “Combustion and flame characteristics of oxy-fuel combustion - experimental activities within the ENCAP Project,” in 8th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, 19.-22.06.2006, Trondheim, Norway, 2006.
    3. G. Baumbach and K. B. Ang, “Bestimmung und Simulation des örtlichen und zeitlichen Verlaufs der Verdunstungsemissionen aus dem Ansaugstrang von Kraftfahrzeugen,” in Informationstagung Motoren, Frühjahrstagung 2006, 30.03.2006, Frankfurt am Main, 2006, no. R 533.
    4. G. Baumbach, M. Struschka, and G. Scheffknecht, “Belastungen und Minderungsmöglichkeiten bei Feststoffheizungen (u. a. Pellets),” in KRdL-Expertenforum “Feinstaub und Stickstoffdioxid,” 06.11.2006, Bonn, 2006, no. 36.
    5. R. Berger, T. Golec, and A. Schuster, “New burner systems for low calorific value gases integrated with pre-gasifiers,” in 10th International Conference on Boiler Technology, 17.-20.10.2006, Szczyrk, Orle Gniazdo, 2006.
    6. R. Berger, A. Schuster, and J. Wünning, “Neue Brennersysteme für Bio-Raffinerien,” Gaswärme international, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 404–407, 2006.
    7. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, and G. Scheffknecht, “CO2-capture with liquid and fixed amine-solvents,” in Advances in Energy Studies, 13.-16.09.2006, Porto Venere, Italien, 2006, no. 31,1.
    8. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, and G. Scheffknecht, “Simulation der CO2-Abtrennung aus Kraftwerksabgasen mit Aminen,” in 38. Kraftwerkstechnisches Kolloquium: Kraftwerksbetrieb unter künftigen Rahmenbedingungen, 24.-25.10.2006, Dresden, 2006.
    9. A. Gerhardt, C. Deeg, J. Maier, G. Scheffknecht, T. Hilber, and T. Glorius, “Sekundärbrennstoffe - Standardisierung und Betriebserfahrungen aus der Mitverbrennung in Kraftwerken,” in 38. Kraftwerkstechnisches Kolloquium: Kraftwerksbetrieb unter künftigen Rahmenbedingungen, 24.-25.10.2006, Dresden, 2006.
    10. O. Greissl, G. Scheffknecht, M. Kaess, and T. Sabel, “Optimization of combustion and prevention of water wall corrosion at a pulverised coal fired power plant,” in 31st International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 21.-25.05.2006, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2006.
    11. J. P. Kim, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “Numerical modelling of flameless combustion for natural gas,” in Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, 18.-21.04.2006, Porto, Portugal, 2006.
    12. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Importance of the selfregulating effect within power systems,” in IFAC Symposium on Power Plants and Power Systems Control 2006, 25.-28.06.2006, Kananaskis, Canada, 2006.
    13. M. Kurth, U. Schulz, T. Weissbach, E. Welfonder, and W. Heidrich, “Regeldynamisches Zusammenwirken von Kraftwerken und Netzen bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft,” in VGB-Konferenz Elektrotechnik, Leittechnik, Informationsverarbeitung im Kraftwerk, Essen, 2006.
    14. M. Käß, T. Sabel, B. Haas, B. Risio, and G. Scheffknecht, “Development trends for simulation based optimisation of boiler operation at EnBW,” in Power-Gen Europe 2006, 30.05.-01.06.2006, Köln, 2006.
    15. J. Lehner, M. Kurth, and E. Lerch, “Dynamisches Verhalten des europäischen Verbundnetzes bei Ausbau zum Mittelmeerring,” in VDE-Kongress: Innovations for Europe, 23.-25.10.2006, Aachen, 2006.
    16. J. Maier, B. Dhungel, P. Mönckert, and G. Scheffknecht, “Coal combustion and emission behaviour under oxyfuel condition,” in 31st International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 21.-25.05.2006, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2006.
    17. D. Ristic, A. Schuster, and R. Berger, “Development of FLOX-circled burner for gas liquid and solid fuels,” in Symposium Power Plants, 19.-22.09.2006, Banja Koviljaca, Serbia, 2006.
    18. G. Scheffknecht, J. Maier, R. Berger, and H. Thorwarth, “An overview on CO2-capture technologies and current R&D activities at IVD,” in 10th International Conference on Boiler Technology, Current Issues of Constructions and Operation of Boilers, 17.-20.10.2006, Szczyrk, Orle Gniazdo, 2006.
    19. G. Scheffknecht, “Power plant technologie’s contribution to environmental protection - state of the art and perspective,” in Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, 18.-21.04.2006, Porto, Portugal, 2006.
    20. G. Scheffknecht, “Fossil fuel based power generation and green-house-gas emissons - state of the art and perspective,” in 10th International Conference on Boiler Technology, Current Issues of Constructions and Operation of Boilers, 17.-20.10.2006, Szczyrk, Orle Gniazdo, 2006.
    21. J. Tembrink, H. Thorwarth, and A. Dieckmann, “Mercury behaviour in coal-fired power plants with sewage sludge co-combustion,” in 3rd International Experts’s Workshop, Mercury Emissions From Coal, 05.-07.06.2006, Katowice, Poland, 2006.
    22. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “The effect of conventional air pollution control devices and biomass co-combustion on mercury behaviour,” in The proceedings of the 31th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 2006.
    23. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Trace element behaviour in SCR-catalysts and electrostatic precipitators,” in Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, 2006.
    24. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Influence of sewage sludge co-combustion on mercury behaviour,” in 3rd International Experts’s Workshop, Mercury Emissions From Coal, 05.-07.06.2006, Katowice, Poland, 2006.
    25. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Trace element behaviour in coal fired power stations,” in 10th International Conference on Boiler Technology, Current Issues of Constructions and Operation of Boilers, 2006.
    26. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Zum Einfluss von Rauchgasreinigungsanlagen auf das Schwermetallverhalten bei der Klärschlammmitverbrennung,” in VGB-Konferenz Chemie im Kraftwerk 2006, Essen, 2006.
    27. H. Thorwarth, “The EU-project TOMERED : results of trace metal investigations,” 2006.
    28. M. Treuer, T. Weissbach, M. Kurth, D. Haake, and R. Gudat, “Zum Einsatz modellgestützer Regelung von Dampfkraftwerksblöcken über große Lastbereiche zur Erhöhung der Manövrierfähigkeit - Parametrierung und Simulation eines nichtlinearen Blockführungskonzepts,” Dresden, 2006.
    29. U. Vogt, G. Baumbach, U. Corsmeier, M. Kohler, and J. Kühlwein, “Vergleich von berechneten und gemessenen Emissionen des Straßenverkehrs am Beispiel des Autobahnprojektes BAB II,” in Verkehr und Luftreinhaltung, Stuttgart, 2006.
    30. T. Weißbach, M. Kurth, E. Welfonder, D. Haake, and R. Gudat, “Control performance of large scale steam power plants and improvements,” in IFAC Symposium on Power Plants and Power Systems Control 2006, 25.-28.06.2006, Kananaskis, Canada, 2006.
    31. T. Weißbach, M. Kurth, E. Welfonder, U. Schulz, and W. Heidrich, “Rückwirkungen des Netzstör- und Führungsverhaltens auf den Kraftwerksbetrieb,” in VDE-Kongress: Innovations for Europe, 23.-25.10.2006, Aachen, 2006.
    32. E. Welfonder, “Sinnvolle sozio-ökonomische Weiterentwicklung der globalisierten Gesellschaft,” VGB PowerTech, no. 8, pp. 80–98, 2006.
    33. E. Welfonder, “Populations’ development, important for the sustainable further evolution of the globalized society,” in Tagungsband: 9th IFAC Symposium on Automated Systems Based on Human Skill And Knowledge, 22.-24.05.2006, Nancy, France, 2006.
    34. E. Welfonder, “Historische Entwicklung der Leittechnik im Bereich der elektrischen Energieversorgung,” atp - Automatisierungstechnische Praxis, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 99–101, 2006.
    35. E. Welfonder and M. Kurth, “Limitation control procedures, required for power plants and power systems,” in IFAC Symposium on Power Plants and Power Systems Control 2006, 25.-28.06.2006, Kananaskis, Canada, 2006.
  4. 2005

    1. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, L. Sarachaga-Ruiz, S. Drautz, S. Kleanthous, and E. Beyaz, “Determination of fine particulate matter from urban and rural sites,” 2005, pp. 122–123.
    2. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, L. Sarachaga-Ruiz, S. Drautz, S. Kleanthous, and E. Beyaz, “PM10 Source Apportionment Study in a Dry Mediterranean Island,” in Fifth International Conference on Urban Air Quality, 2005.
    3. G. Baumbach, H. Pfeiffer, L. Sarachaga-Ruiz, S. Kleanthous, and E. Beyaz, “Determination of the spatial air pollutants distribution on the island of Cyprus using diffusive sampling and statistical modelling,” in Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Air Quality Management at Urban, Regional and Global Scales & 14th IUAPPA regional conference, Izmir, 2005.
    4. J. Beck, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Deactivation of SCR DeNOx catalysts by fuel-phosphate,” in The proceedings of the 30th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Gaithersburg, 2005.
    5. J. Beck, S. Unterberger, G. Scheffknecht, A. Jensen, Y. Zheng, and J. E. Johnsson, “The effect of biomass co-combustion on DeNOx catalysts,” in Tagungsband: Second International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies for our Future, 2005.
    6. R. Berger, C. Hawthorne, and G. Scheffknecht, “Lime enhanced gasification of solids :  a process offering new prospects in fuel chemistry,” 2005.
    7. R. Berger, M. Schmid, and J. Wünning, “Low-NOx Schwachgasverbrennung mit flammloser Oxidation,” Gaswärme international, 2005.
    8. A. Berreth, X. Han, B. Risio, and K. R. G. Hein, “Einsatz detaillierter Gaschemie und nichtoxidierender heterogener Feststoffreaktionen zur Verbesserung der Verlässlichkeit von CO-Vorhersagen in CFD-Simulationen von Kohle- und Gasflammen,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2005, no. 1888.
    9. P. Casabonnet, J. Maier, and J.-J. Campillo, “Identification and assessment of solid recovered fuels streams as substitute for fossile fuels,” in Tagungsband: Clean Air 2005, 8th International Conference on Energy for a Clean Environment, 2005.
    10. B. Essig and E. Welfonder, “Durchgängige Kennzeichnungssystematik für den gesamten Produktlebenszyklus, unter anderem auch für die Verfahrenstechnik,” in Automation als interdisziplinäre Herausforderung, Düsseldorf, 2005, no. 1883.
    11. K. R. G. Hein, “Energy and environment in Europe - present and future,” in Tagungsband: Nachhaltigkeit für Mensch und Umwelt im Spannungsfeld Wissenschaft - Wirtschaft - Politik, Timisoara, 2005, pp. 49–52.
    12. T. Hilber et al., “Flue-gas coupling of a waste incinerator with a lignite-fired coal boiler : assessment of the best-suited injection concept by computational and experimental methods,” in Computational methods and experimental measurements XII, Southampton, 2005.
    13. J. P. Kim, C. Deeg, T. Hilber, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “Numerical Simulation of Coal Combustion with Detailed Gas-Phase Chemistry,” in Tagungsband: ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Combustion, 2005.
    14. M. Kohler, U. Corsmeier, U. Vogt, and B. Vogel, “Estimation of gaseous real-world traffic emissions downstream a motorway,” Atmospheric environment, vol. 39, no. 31, pp. 5665–5684, 2005.
    15. M. Kurth, “Oscillation behaviour of the enlarged European power system,” in Tagungsband: 5th International World Energy System Conference, 2005.
    16. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Oscillation behaviour of the enlarged European power system under deregulated energy market conditions,” Control engineering practice, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1525–1536, 2005.
    17. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Ausreichende Bedämpfung von Netzpendelungen, auch bei deregulierter Marktwirtschaft und Verbundnetz-Erweiterung,” at - Automatisierungstechnik, vol. 53, no. 4–5, pp. 211–224, 2005.
    18. P. Mönckert, B. Dhungel, H. Wörner, J. Maier, and G. Scheffknecht, “Experimentelle Untersuchung und Bewertung zur Oxyfuel-Verbrennung fossiler Brennstoffe in einem Flugstromreaktor,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2005, no. 1888.
    19. M. Petrea, R. Kurtenbach, P. Wiesen, U. Vogt, and G. Baumbach, “NMHC measurements of motorway emissions during the BAB II field campaing,” vol. 39, no. 31, pp. 5685–5695, 2005.
    20. H. Pfeiffer, “Neural modelling of the spatial distribution of air pollutants,” PhD dissertation, 2005.
    21. W. Quick, W. Corns, J. Tembrink, M. Cieplik, H. Thorwarth, and S. Bowden, “Impact of biomass co-combustion and combustion conditions on mercury partitioning at Kingsnorth Power Station, UK,” 2005.
    22. B. Risio, F. Blum, J. Hetzer, A. Berreth, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Towards an innovative virtual optimisation machine for the power industry,” Progress in computational fluid dynamics, vol. 5, 2005.
    23. E. Rosenbohm et al., “Particulate size distributions and mass measured at a motorway during the BAB II campaign,” Atmospheric environment, vol. 39, no. 31, pp. 5696–5709, 2005.
    24. G. Scheffknecht and G. Stamatelopoulos, “CO2-Minderung mit modernen Kohlekraftwerken?,” Chemie - Ingenieur - Technik, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 412–417, 2005.
    25. G. Scheffknecht, “Lebensdauerverlängerung des bestehenden Kraftwerksparks und CO2-Emissionen - ein Zielkonflikt,” 2005.
    26. G. Scheffknecht, “Power plant technology contributes to environmental protection - state of the art and perspective,” in Workshop - wastes & biomass thermal treatment combustion & co-combustion, Wroclaw, 2005.
    27. U. Schnell, H. Dieter, and G. Scheffknecht, “Detailed combustion and steamside simulation of fossil-fuel fired utility boilers,” in Eighth Results and Review Workshop on High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, 13.-14.10.2005, Stuttgart University, 2005.
    28. A. Schuster, R. Berger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Utilisation of solid bio-residues in a new combustion system applying flameless oxidation,” in Biomass for energy, industry and climate protection, 2005.
    29. A. Schuster, J. Kieß, and R. Berger, “FLOX-Brennertechnik für Holzfeuerungen,” in ALS-Jahresbericht, Stuttgart, 2005, no. 2005.
    30. A. Schuster et al., “New burner technologies for low grade biofuels to supply clean energy for processes in biorefineries,” in Biomass for energy, industry and climate protection, 2005.
    31. H. Schürmann, P. B. Monkhouse, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “In-situ determination of alkali species released in pulverised coal combustion as a function of operating conditions and additives,” 2005.
    32. H. Thorwarth, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Trace element behaviour in air pollution control devices,” 2005.
    33. H. Thorwarth, V. Stack-Lara, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “The influence of fly ash constitutents on mercury speciation,” 2005.
    34. H. Thorwarth, J. Beck, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “The adsorption and oxidation behaviour of mercury on the constituents of SCR DeNOx catalysts,” in The proceedings of the 30th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Gaithersburg, 2005.
    35. S. Unterberger, In-furnace measurements and mathematical simulation studies for the optimisation of small scale wood combustion systems. Aachen: Shaker, 2005.
    36. S. Unterberger, H. Thorwarth, D. Fitzgerald, and S. Mitchell, “Measurements of mercury behaviour and emissions at European power plants,” 2005.
    37. U. Vogt et al., “Quality assurance of air pollutant measurements during the BAB II field experiment,” vol. 39, no. 31, 2005.
    38. X. Wei, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Behaviour of gaseous chlorine and alkali metals during biomass thermal utilisation,” vol. 84, no. 7–8, pp. 841–848, 2005.
    39. T. Weißbach, M. Kurth, E. Welfonder, E. Haake, and R. Gudat, “Zum Einsatz modellgestützter Regelungen bei Dampfkraftwerksblöcken über große Lastbereiche zur Erhöhung der Manövrierfähigkeit - Teil I: Durchgeführte Voruntersuchungen,” in Techn. Univ., Inst. für Energietechnik, Dresden, 2005.
    40. E. Welfonder, T. Frederking, and R. Ziegler, “Sustainable further evolution of the globalized society - required limitation of the economic, ecologic and demographic momentum,” 2005.
  5. 2004

    1. G. Baumbach, U. Vogt, P. Bauerle, and K. Glaser, “Mass balancing by means of vertical and horizontal profiles determined with tethered balloon and airship soundings,” in Emissions of air pollutants, R. Friedrich, Ed. Berlin: Springer, 2004.
    2. J. Beck, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Deaktivierung von SCR DeNOx Katalysatoren durch Phosphorverbindungen,” 2004.
    3. R. Berger, K. R. G. Hein, and T. Weimer, “Hochtemperatur-CO2-Absorption zur effizienten Braunkohleverstromung,” 2004.
    4. R. Berger, C. Hawthorne, and K. R. G. Hein, “Hydrogen from European low rank coal : reducing CO2-emissions,” in Proceedings / 21st International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, 2004.
    5. M. Diaz, “Mercury emission control in coal-fired plants : the role of wet scrubbers,” 2004.
    6. M. Diaz, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Mercury emission control in coal-fired plants : the role of wet scrubbers,” 2004.
    7. B. Essig, E. Welfonder, and K. Hesselmann, “Reference designation system : a new standard also for chemical plants,” Basel, 2004.
    8. B. Goblirsch, R. Berger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung bei kleinen Biomasse-Feuerungen - extern gefeuerte Prozesse,” 2004.
    9. K. R. G. Hein, “The contribution of coal to the future energy supply in Europe,” 2004.
    10. K. R. G. Hein and S. Unterberger, “Operation and emission during co-combustion of solid biofuels,” in Energetic utilization of biomass, Beijing, 2004.
    11. K. R. G. Hein, “The role of biomass in large-scale heat and power generation,” in Congresso nazionale ATI, Padova, 2004.
    12. W. Kessel, B. Epple, G. Scheffknecht, and G. Dowden, “Design and commissioning experience of 2 x 900 MW supercritical boilers for WaiGaoQiao Shanghai,” 2004.
    13. M. Kübel, C. Gfrereis, J. Waizmann, M. Michel, and K. R. G. Hein, “Hydrogen rich syngas production from steam gasification of BCO in a FB reactor - gas composition and tar formation at various conditions,” in Biomass for energy, industry and climate protection, Florence, 2004.
    14. T. Marquard-Möllenstedt et al., “New approach for biomass gasification to hydrogen,” in Biomass for energy, industry and climate protection, Florence, 2004.
    15. T. Marquard-Möllenstedt et al., “Wasserstoffherstellung durch absorptionsunterstützte Wasserdampf-Vergasung von Biomasse,” in Beiträge zur DGMK-Fachbereichstagung Energetische Nutzung von Biomassen, Hamburg, 2004, no. 2004,1.
    16. M. Michel, J. Waizmann, R. Berger, M. Specht, and T. Marquard-Möllenstedt, “Wasserdarmpfvergasung mit Hilfe eines absorptiven Bettmaterials zur Herstellung wasserstoffreicher Gase aus Biomasse,” 2004.
    17. R. Neifer and E. Welfonder, “Experimentelle Ermittlung des Elektroenergiebedarfs von Gebäudezentren und resultierende Einsparmöglichkeiten,” in Innovationen für Menschen, Berlin, 2004.
    18. C. Sauer, O. Greißl, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Influence of combustion side heat transfer on the steam generation process in parallel tubes of a utility boiler,” Zborník referátov, 2004.
    19. G. Scheffknecht, “Effizienzsteigerung bei Dampfkraftwerken,” in Effizienzsteigerung von konventionellen und nuklearen Kraftwerken, Düsseldrof, 2004, no. 1862.
    20. M. Struschka, G. Baumbach, and V. Weiss, “Feinstaub - Emissionsfaktoren und Emissionsaufkommen bei kleinen und mittleren Feuerungsanlagen,” vol. 9, pp. 17–22, 2004.
    21. S. Unterberger and K. R. G. Hein, “Recent European research activities and operating experiences in biomass co-firing,” in The proceedings of the 29th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Gaithersburg, Md, 2004.
    22. S. Unterberger, H. Thorwarth, J. Beck, and K. R. G. Hein, “Quecksilberemissionen aus Kohlekraftwerken - aktueller Stand und laufende Forschungsvorhaben,” 2004.
    23. E. Vilas, U. Skifter, A. Jensen, C. Lopez, J. Maier, and P. Glarborg, “Experimental and modeling study of biomass reburning,” vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1442–1450, 2004.
    24. X. Wei, C. Lopez, T. von Puttkamer, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Release of chlorine and its relention in ash during co-combustion of biomass and coal in a pulverized fuel combustor,” vol. 5, no. 1, 2004.
    25. X. Wei, U. Schnell, X. Han, and K. R. G. Hein, “Interactions of CO, HCI, and SOx in pulverised coal flames,” vol. 83, no. 9, pp. 1227–1233, 2004.
    26. B. Weidmann and M. Kurth, “Abfangen von Dampfkraftwerksblöcken im Eigenbedarf und Teilnetzwiederaufbau,” 2004.
    27. E. Welfonder and M. Kurth, “Notwendige Begrenzungsregel- und -steuerungskonzepte bei Kraftwerk und Netz,” Innovationen für Menschen, 2004.
    28. E. Welfonder, M. Kurth, H.-B. Tillmann, C. Hodurek, H. Radtke, and J. Nielsen, “Dual electric power supply with increasing wind power generation, requirement for an advanced secondary control concept,” in Collection de rapports présentés à la session Cigré 2004, Paris, 2004.
    29. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fine particle formation from co-combustion of sewage sludge and bituminous coal,” in Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements and Particulate Matter, 2004, no. 85,6, pp. 673–686.
  6. 2003

    1. J. Beck, M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Mercury oxidation across SCR catalysts of flue gas with varity HCl concentrations,” in Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Mega Symposium, Pittsburgh, PA, 2003.
    2. J. Beck, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Deactivation mechanisms of SCR - catalysts during the co-combustion of bio-residues,” in 2003 Conference on Selective Catalytic Reduction and Non-Catalytic Reduction for NOx Control : proceedings, Morgantown, W Va., 2003.
    3. A. Benöhr, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Konzepte für die optimierte Verbrennungsführung der Druckkohlenstaubfeuerung hinsichtlich der Stickoxidemission,” in Kraftwerke im Wettbewerb - Technik, Betrieb und Umwelt 2003, Essen, 2003.
    4. A. Benöhr, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “The fate of nitrogen during pressurised pulverised coal combustion : concepts for low Nox combustion for high efficient pressurised coal fired combined cycles,” in Coal combustion facing the 21th century, Nanjing, 2003.
    5. R. Berger, K. R. G. Hein, T. Weimer, and M. Specht, “High temperature CO2-absorption : a process offering new prospects in fuel chemistry,” in Coal combustion facing the 21th century, Nanjing, 2003.
    6. R. Berger, K. R. G. Hein, T. Weimer, and M. Specht, “High temperature CO2 absorption process offering new prospects in fuel chemistry,” Tashkent, 2003.
    7. R. Berger, G. Baumbach, U. Demant, and H. Knosp, “Batch operated gasification and oxidation process for the recovery of precious metals,” Clean air, no. 4, pp. 315–334, 2003.
    8. R. Berger, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Heizkraftwerke auf Biomassebasis,” VGB PowerTech, vol. 83, 2003.
    9. R. Berger, G. Baumbach, U. Demant, and H. Knosp, “Batch operated gasification and oxidation process for the recovery of precious metals,” Clean air, no. 4, pp. 315–334, 2003.
    10. M. Diaz, “Trace element behavior in wet flue gas desulphurisation units - 1. experimental device,” 2003.
    11. V. M. Gremyachkin and F. Rückert, “Regimes of porous carbon particle combustion in oxygen,” 2003.
    12. R. Gudat, U. Schulz, B. Weidmann, M. Kurth, and E. Welfonder, “Handlungsvorgaben zum Teilnetzwiederaufbau ohne Spannungsvorgabe von außen,” in Sichere und zuverlässige Systemführung von Kraftwerk und Netz im Zeichen der Deregulierung, Düsseldorf, 2003, no. 1747.
    13. X. Han, M. Hocquel, U. Schnell, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Modelling of dry desulfurization process with calcium-based additive in pulverized coal furnaces,” in Coal combustion facing the 21th century, Nanjing, 2003.
    14. K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable energy in a changing society,” in India Power Forum, Renewable Energy Summit, September 26th & 27th, 2002, New Delhi, New Delhi, 2003.
    15. K. R. G. Hein, “Future energy supply in Europe - challenge and chances,” Newcastle, Australia, 2003.
    16. K. R. G. Hein, “Large scale fuel utilisation to meet future energy requirements,” in Coal combustion facing the 21th century, Nanjing, 2003.
    17. K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable energy supply in Europe - strategies and consequences for research and development,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering -03, Tokyo, 2003.
    18. K. R. G. Hein, “Future energy supply in Europe - constrains, perspectives and solutions,” in The proceedings of the 28th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 2003.
    19. K. R. G. Hein, S. Unterberger, R. Berger, and J. Maier, “Biomass utilisation in Europe - present status and future options,” 2003.
    20. T. Hilber, W. Scheurer, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Co-grinding of coal and solid recovered fuels for thermal utilisation in coal fired power plants : a method to evaluate the impact on grinding efficiency,” 2003.
    21. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Ausreichende Bedämpfung von Netzpendelungen auch bei deregulierter Marktwirtschaft und Verbundnetz-Erweiterung,” in Sichere und zuverlässige Systemführung von Kraftwerk und Netz im Zeichen der Deregulierung, Düsseldorf, 2003, no. 1747.
    22. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Oscillation behaviour of the enlarged European power system under deregulated energy market conditions,” in Power plants and power systems control 2003, Oxford, 2003.
    23. M. Kurth, Pendelverhalten des erweiterten europäischen Verbundnetzes bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft, no. 509. Düsseldorf: VDI-Verl., 2003.
    24. B. Laipple and E. Welfonder, “Online-Validierung energietechnischer Prozesse unter Zulassung transienter Messdatenverläufe,” in Automation und Information in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, 2003, no. 1756.
    25. C. Lopez, S. Unterberger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Overview of actual methods for charaterisation of ash deposition,” 2003.
    26. C. Lopez, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Advanced biomass reburning in coal combustion systems,” in Endbericht ABRICOS, Brussels: Europäische Kommission, 2003.
    27. C. Lopez, S. Unterberger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Brennstoffstufung zur Minderung der NOx-Emissionen von Kohlenstaubfeuerungen - Versuchsergebnisse mit biogenen Festbrennstoffen,” in Kraftwerke im Wettbewerb - Technik, Betrieb und Umwelt 2003, Essen, 2003.
    28. J. Maier, C. Lopez, and K. R. G. Hein, “Rauchgasseitige Heizflächenbeläge bei der Verbrennung fossiler und biogener Festbrennstoffe,” Essen, 2003.
    29. T. von Puttkamer, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Schadstoffströme bei der Verbrennung naturbelassener Hölzer und holzartiger Biomassen im Hinblick auf die Ascheentsorgung,” in Reihe Abfall, no. 76, Stuttgart: Baden-Württemberg, Ministerium für Umwelt und Verkehr, 2003.
    30. T. von Puttkamer, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Holzaschen aus naturbelassenen biogenen Festbrennstoffen,” in Planung und Betrieb von Holzfeuerungen, Stuttgart, 2003, no. 51.
    31. R. Reed, J. Bock, M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “How effective are SCRs for mercury removal?,” Modern power systems, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 21–24, 2003.
    32. F. Rückert, T. Sabel, U. Schnell, K. R. G. Hein, and B. Risio, “Comparison of different global reaction mechanisms for coal-fired utility boilers,” Progress in computational fluid dynamics, vol. 3, no. 2–4, 2003.
    33. W. Scheurer, T. Hilber, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Quality of secondary fuels for pulverised fuel co-combustion,” Europäische Kommission, 2003.
    34. W. Scheurer, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion performance, residue and deposit analysis of trial burns in  a pilot scale dry bottom furnace with coal and RDF,” College Park, Md, 2003.
    35. W. Scheurer, C. Deeg, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verbrennungsverhalten von Sekundärbrennstoffen aus Hausmüll bei der Mitverbrennung in Kohlenstaubfeuerungen,” in Kraftwerke im Wettbewerb - Technik, Betrieb und Umwelt 2003, Essen, 2003.
    36. U. Schnell, C. Sauer, O. Greißl, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Charakterisierung des Betriebsverhaltens industrieller Kohlenstaubfeuerungen,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, 2003, no. 1750.
    37. H. Schürrmann, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Der Einfluss der Mitverbrennung von Biomasse in Kohlenstaubfeuerungen auf den Einsatz der Flugasche in der Bauindustrie,” in Kraftwerke im Wettbewerb - Technik, Betrieb und Umwelt 2003, Essen, 2003.
    38. M. Struschka, W. Poppitz, and A. Bobeth, “Zusammenhang zwischen Partikelemissionen und Abgaszustand bei Chargenweise beschickten Feuerungsanlagen,” Immissionsschutz, vol. 8, pp. 4–12, 2003.
    39. J. Ströhle, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Optimisation of the wide band correlated-k method for non-grey radiative transfer calculations in multidimensional enclosures,” in Eurotherm Seminar 73, Amsterdam, 2003.
    40. J. Ströhle, F. Rückert, B. Risio, and U. Schnell, “A vectorised lagrangian particle model for the numerical simulation of coal-fired furnaces,” in High performance computing in science and engineering ’02, Berlin, 2003.
    41. S. Unterberger, M. Hocquel, and F. Heidelberg, “The effect of mineral oxides on mercury speciation,” in Air quality IV, Grand Forks, N.D., 2003.
    42. S. Unterberger, “Supporting biomass co-combustion for a cleaner power production,” in European bio-energy projects, 1999-2002, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2003.
    43. S. Unterberger, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass combustion for reduced CO2 emissions in Germany - applied technologies and first operational experiences,” Jyväskylä, 2003.
    44. X. Wei, X. Han, U. Schnell, J. Maier, H. Wörner, and K. R. G. Hein, “The effect of HCl and SO2 on NOx formation in coal flames,” vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1392–1398, 2003.
    45. T. Weimer and R. Berger, “BHKW und Nahwärmenetze als ökologisches Allheilmittel?,” vol. 55, pp. 62–98, 2003.
    46. E. Welfonder, M. Kurth, and H.-B. Tillmann, “Duale elektrische Energieversorsorgung bei zunehmender Windkrafteinspeisung - Notwendigkeit eines erweiterten Sekundärregelkonzeptes,” in Sichere und zuverlässige Systemführung von Kraftwerk und Netz im Zeichen der Deregulierung, Düsseldorf, 2003, no. 1747.
    47. E. Welfonder, M. Kurth, C. Hodurek, and H. Radtke, “Dual electric power supply with increasing wind power generation, requirement for an advanced secondary control concept,” in Power plants and power systems control 2003, Oxford, 2003.
    48. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Vergleich der Feinstpartikelentstehung aus der Mitverbrennung von Steinkohle und Braunkohle mit Klärschlamm in einem Versuchsreaktor,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, 2003, no. 1750.
    49. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Formation of fine particulate matter from co-combustion of predried lignite and sewage sludge at a semi-technical pulverised fuel combustion facility,” in Clean air 2003, Lisbon, 2003.
    50. N. Wolski, R. Berger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Bubbling fluidized bed co-combustion of different sustainable fuels - trace element behaviour,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, New York, 2003, p. # 131.
    51. H. Wörner, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Appraisal and optimization of the combustion behavior and the potential of NOx-reduction of low volatile coals,” in Proceedings / Twentieth Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2003.
    52. Y. Yuefeng, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “The moisture estimation of biomass fuel,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering -03, Tokyo, 2003.
  7. 2002

    1. M. Aho et al., “Toxic elements in biomass and waste fuels and their removal from the flue gases of fluidised bed boilers,” Amsterdam, 2002.
    2. C. M. Bauer, “Experimentelle Untersuchungen zu Partikelverhalten und Koksabbrand unter Kohlenstaubfeuerungsbedingungen,” Shaker, Aachen, 2002.
    3. R. Berger, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Heizkraftwerke auf Biomassebasis: Stand der Technik in Deutschland im europäischen Vergleich,” 2002.
    4. R. Berger, J. Sprich, K. R. G. Hein, F. Heidelberg, and R. Hesser, “Modified biomass combustion system for the application of stirling engines,” in Proceedings / European Stirling Forum, Osnabrück, 2002.
    5. A. Bundschuh, “Ein paralleles Mehrgitterverfahren zur numerischen Simulation stationärer und dynamischer Betriebszustände industrieller Feuerungen,” VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2002.
    6. M. Diaz, “Trace element behavior in wet flue gas desulphurisation units : wet FGD,” 2002.
    7. A. Dreiseidler et al., “Vergleichbarkeit der Ergebnisse verschiedener Partikelgrößen-Messverfahren,” in Neuere Entwicklungen bei der Messung und Beurteilung der Luftqualität, Düsseldorf, 2002, no. 1656.
    8. O. Greißl, C. Sauer, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Optimierung des Betriebsverhaltens von industriellen Staubfeuerungensanlagen mittels moderner Messtechnik und Simulation,” in Ergebnisse aus dem Verbundprojekt Combustion Control and Simulation, Stuttgart, 2002.
    9. K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable energy in a changing society,” 2002.
    10. K. R. G. Hein, N. Wolski, and M. Hocquel, “The fate of trace elements in solid fuel conversion-research results and application prospects,” 2002.
    11. K. R. G. Hein, “New challenges for research in a changing energy market,” 2002.
    12. K. R. G. Hein, “The role of coal in a changing energy market,” in Energy and environment 2002, Padova, 2002.
    13. K. R. G. Hein, “Research and development needs in a changing electricity market,” in Energetics - from research to innovation, Helsinki, 2002.
    14. K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion technologies for power stations : present status and future options,” 2002.
    15. K. R. G. Hein, “Share and chances of bio-fuels in the future energy market,” in India Power Forum, Renewable Energy Summit, September 26th & 27th, 2002, New Delhi, New Delhi, 2002.
    16. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Effects of mercury on SCR-catalyts,” in Proceedings of the 2002 Conference on Selective Catalytic Reduction and Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction for NOx Control, 2002.
    17. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, H. Appl, and T. König, “Dynamisches Verhalten von Hg an SCR-DeNOx-Katalysatoren,” in VGB-Fachtagung Thermische Abfallverwertung 2002, Essen, 2002.
    18. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, Mitverbrennung von Klärschlämmen in Kohlestaubfeuerungen unter Berücksichtigung des gasförmigen Quecksilberanteils bei unterschiedlichen Rauchgasreinigungssystemen. Stuttgart: Univ. Stuttgart, Inst. für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen, Brennstoffe und Messtechniken, 2002.
    19. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and J. Bock, “Behaviour of mercury in different gas cleaning stages,” in Proceedings / International Conference on Air Quality III, Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter, Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA, 2002.
    20. M. Kübel, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass gasification - an option for SOFC fuel?,” in Proceedings / Fifth European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum, Oberrohrdorf, 2002.
    21. H. Leibold, F. Rückert, R. Walter, H. Seifert, and K. R. G. Hein, “NOx-reduction by primary measures – experiences with the reconstructed combustion chamber of the TAMARA grate incineration plant,” in Proceedings / 2002 IT3 Conference, Twenty-first Annual International Conference on Incineration and Thermal Treatment Technologies, New Orleans, USA, 2002.
    22. X. Liu, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “The kinetics and influence factors on chlorine-induced fireside corrosion in biomass combustion system. Part I: Corrosion kinetics regarding real metal loss in chlorine corrosion,” in Frontiers in corrosion science and technology, Madrid, 2002.
    23. X. Liu, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Experimentelle Korrosionsuntersuchungen von Biomassefeuerungen unter Berücksichtigung von Ascheablagerungen und Rauchgaszusammensetzung,” in Korrosion in energieerzeugenden Anlagen, Düsseldorf, 2002, no. 1680.
    24. C. Lopez, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “NOx reduction by solid fuel reburning: pilot scale investigations,” in International Conference on Clean Coal Technologies for Our Future, 2002.
    25. B. Meerbeck and E. Welfonder, “Nutzung der Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung zum Ausregeln elektrischer Leistungsschwankungen im Minuten-/Stundenbereich,” in Heizkraftwerke, thermische Kleinkraftwerke, Fernwärmeversorgung und Thermofluidmesstechnik, Dresden, 2002.
    26. H. Nagel, “Untersuchungen zum Emissionsverhalten und Wirkungsgradpotential von Druckwirbelschichtfeuerungen der ersten und zweiten Generation,” VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2002.
    27. R. Neifer and E. Welfonder, “Experimental investigation of time dependent load configurations inside of a power distribution system,” in 15th triennal World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control, 2002.
    28. T. von Puttkamer, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Energetische Nutzung von Stroh in einer Stabfeuerung,” Velen, 2002.
    29. T. von Puttkamer, D. Kauter, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Analyseverfahren zur Bestimmung chemisch-stofflicher Brennstoffeigenschaften von Biomassen,” Velen, 2002.
    30. F. Rückert, U. Schnell, K. R. G. Hein, S. Bleckwehl, H. Leibold, and H. Seifert, “Simulation des Abbrandverhaltens in einem Batch-Prozess,” in Modellierung und Simulation von Dampferzeugern und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2002, no. 1664.
    31. T. Sabel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Application of quotient pyrometry to industrial pulverised coal combustion,” vol. 26, no. 2–4, pp. 283–289, 2002.
    32. C. Sauer, A. Berreth, B. Risio, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Application of a porous cell model for the simulation of tube bundles in convective,” in Industrial furnaces and boilers, Rio Tinto, 2002.
    33. W. Scheurer, U. Richers, H. Seifert, and K. R. G. Hein, “Present status and perspectives of co-combustion in German power plants,” 2002.
    34. H. Schürrmann, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and P. B. Monkhouse, “On the application of laser spectroscopy for detection of gaseous alkalis during pulverised coal combustion,” Lissabon/Portugal, 2002.
    35. F. Slemr et al., “Evaluation of modeled spatially and temporarily highly resolved emission inventories of photosmog precursors for the city of Augsburg : the experiment EVA and its major results,” vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 207–233, 2002.
    36. H. Spliethoff and K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion engineering measures to reduce Nox in pulverised coal-fired furnaces,” VGB PowerTech, 2002.
    37. B. Staiger, S. Unterberger, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Development of an air staging technology to reduce NOx-emissions in grate fired boilers,” Zagreb, 2002.
    38. J. Ströhle and P. J. Coelho, “On the application of the exponential wide band model to the calculation of radiative heat transfer in one- and two-dimensional enclosures,” International journal of heat and mass transfer, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 2129–2139, 2002.
    39. X. Wei, C. Lopez, T. von Puttkamer, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Assessment of chlorine-alkali-mineral interaction during co-combustion of coal and straw,” 2002.
    40. E. Welfonder, “Zusammenwirken von Kraftwerken und Netz bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft,” VGB PowerTech, 2002.
    41. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Trace metal partitioning from co-combustion of RDF and bituminous coal,” p. 200203, 2002.
    42. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fine particle formation from co-combustion of sewage sludge,” in Proceedings / International Conference on Air Quality III, Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter, Grand Forks, North Dakota, USA, 2002.
    43. H. Wörner, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Formation and reduction of NO: comparison of coals for unstaged, air staged and fuel staged combustion,” in Nineteenth Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference proceedings, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2002.
  8. 2001

    1. L.-E. Amand et al., “Co-combustion of dried sewage sludge and coal - the fate of heavy metals,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, New York, 2001.
    2. H.-G. Barth and G. Baumbach, Air quality and urban development in Izmir, Turkey. Sinzheim: Pro-Universitate-Verl., 2001.
    3. J. Baum, “Untersuchungen zum extern befeuerten Gasturbinenprozeß mit Hochtemperatur-Wärmeübertrager,” VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2001.
    4. G. Baumbach, U. Vogt, and K. Glaser, “Vergleichsmessungen von Ozon-Vertikalprofilen zwischen vier Lidar- und drei In-situ-Messsystemen,” 2001.
    5. G. Baumbach, U. Zuberbühler, D. Straub, and M. Struschka, “Investigation of fine particle emissions from wood combustion devices,” in 12th World Clean Air and Environment Congress and Exhibition,  26-31. August 2001, Seoul, Korea, Seoul, Korea, 2001.
    6. G. Baumbach and U. Vogt, “Conception of air quality monitoring for uraban areas,” in 12th World Clean Air & Environment Congress and Exhibition, 26-31 August 2001, Seoul, Korea, Seoul, Korea, 2001.
    7. J. Beck, J. Baum, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Materialuntersuchungen zur Entwicklung eines Hochtemperatur-Wärmeaustauschers in Kohlestaubfeuerungen,” 2001.
    8. A. Benöhr, H. Schürmann, and J. Ströhle, Untersuchungen zur Verbrennung und Heißgasreinigung bei der Druckkohlenstaubfeuerung. Stuttgart: IVD, 2001.
    9. A. Benöhr, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Untersuchungen zum Minderungspotentials der Stickoxidemission in der Druckkohlenstaubfeuerung,” in VDI-Berichte, 2001, no. 1629.
    10. R. Berger, G. Baumbach, U. Demant, and H. Knosp, “Batch-operated gasification and oxidation process for the recovery of precious metals,” 2001.
    11. R. Berger, B. Staiger, O. Moersch, and K. R. G. Hein, “Kontinuierliche Teermessung - eine neue Technik zur Optimierung und Prozessüberwachung von Vergasern,” 2001.
    12. R. Berger, U. Zuberbühler, C. K. Gaegauf, and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass combustion systems for combined heat and power applications with stirling engines,” 2001.
    13. R. Berger, H. Nagel, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Stable combustion of lean gas for advanced PFBC-cycle with staged combustion,” 2001.
    14. R. Cenni, T. Gerhardt, B. Risio, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “The effect of combined combustion of bituminous coal and dried sewage sludge on the aerodynamics of combustion,” Environ. Comb. Tech., vol. 2, pp. 317–341, 2001.
    15. R. Cenni, B. Janisch, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Legislative and environmental issues on the use of ash from coal and municipal sewage sludge co-firing as construction material,” Waste management, vol. 1, pp. 17–31, 2001.
    16. R. Cenni, “Heavy metals behavior in co-combustion of coal and sewage sludge,” VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2001.
    17. B. Coda, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable utilisation of paper sludge for energy conversion: potential and environmental feasibility,” 2001.
    18. B. Coda and H. Spliethoff, “Technical and environmental feasibility of combined combustion of biomass with paper sludge under fluidised bed conditions,” London, 2001.
    19. B. Coda, K. Sandelin, R. Backmann, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Trace element behaviour in co-firing coal, straw, paper sludge under bubbling fluidized bed conditions,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, New York, 2001.
    20. B. Coda, M. Aho, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Behavior of chlorine and enrichment of risky elements in bubbling fluidized bed combustion of biomass and waste assisted by additives,” Energy & fuels, vol. 15, pp. 680–690, 2001.
    21. D. Foertsch et al., “Ein Vergleich verschiedener globaler Reaktionsmodelle anhand der Simulation eines kohlegefeuerten Großkraftwerkskessel,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2001, no. 1629.
    22. C. K. Gaegauf, U. Wieser, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass burner designed to reduce nanoparticle emissions,” 2001.
    23. K. F. Glaser, “Methoden der Qualitätssicherung bei der Messung von Luftverunreinigungen bei Feldexperimenten,” PhD dissertation, 2001.
    24. R. Gwinner and E. Welfonder, “Durchgängiger Informationsfluss von der Prozess-Planung bis zum Anlagen-Rückbau unter Nutzung der STEP- und Web-Technologie,” 2001.
    25. X. Han, F. Rückert, U. Schnell, K. R. G. Hein, S. Koger, and H. Bockhorn, “Computational modeling of the NOx-reduction process by hydrocarbon reburning with reduced kinetics,” 2001.
    26. T. Heinzel, J. Maier, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fuel, ash and deposit analysis of biomass and fuel blends from pilot-scale combustion tests,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, London, 2001.
    27. T. Heinzel, C. Lopez, J. Maier, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Ash deposit and corrosion characteristics of coal-biomass blends in a 0.5 MW pulverised fuel test facility,” 2001.
    28. T. Herthan, O. Moersch, H. Spliethoff, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “The tar analyser - a suitable tool for the development and control of gasifiers and gas cleaning systems,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, London, 2001.
    29. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verhalten von Quecksilberemissionen bei der Mitverbrennung von Klärschlämmen in Kohlestaubfeuerungen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des gasförmigen Anteils,” 2001.
    30. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Understanding mercury behaviour - a contribution to higher removal efficiencies,” 2001.
    31. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Influence of HCl, SO2, CaO and catalytic material on the speciation of mercury,” in The U.S. EPA-DOE-EPRI Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Symposium: the Mega Symposium and The A&WMA Specialty Conference on Mercury Emissions: Fate, Effects, and Control, Pittsburg, Pa., 2001.
    32. D. Kauter, I. Lewandowski, and T. von Puttkamer, “Determination of the chemical composition of solid biofuels: Need of standardised methods and results from a round robin test,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, London, 2001.
    33. F. Kluger, J. Maier, K. R. G. Hein, J. Koenig, H. Brueggemann, and U. Priesmeier, “Verbrennung von vorgetrockneter Trockenbraunkohle - experimentelle Untersuchung feuerungstechnischer Maßnahmen zur Stickoxidreduktion,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2001, no. 1629.
    34. F. Kluger, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Burnout behaviour of bituminous coals in air-staged combustion conditions,” in 4th International Symposium on Coal Combustion, 2001, no. 9, 3/4, pp. 253–265.
    35. F. Kluger, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Characterisation of the powder river basin (PRB) coal with respect to NOx in an entrained flow reactor,” New York, NY, 2001.
    36. H. Knaus, “Simulation turbulenter reagierender Zweiphasenströmungen in industriellen Feuerungen mit komplexen Geometrien,” VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2001.
    37. H. Knaus, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Evaluation of the 3D-furnace simulation code AIOLOS by comparing CFD predictions of gas compositions with in-furnace measurements in a 210MW coal-fired utility boiler,” Progress in computational fluid dynamics, vol. 1, no. 1–3, pp. 62–69, 2001.
    38. H. Knaus, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “On the modelling of coal combustion in a 550 MWel coal-fired utility boiler,” vol. 1, no. 4, 2001.
    39. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Oscillation behaviour of the European interconnected power system in a deregulated energy market,” Electrical engineering, vol. 83, pp. 335–341, 2001.
    40. H. Leibold et al., “Neugestaltung des Feuerraums einer halbtechnischen Hausmüllverbrennungsanlage zur primärseitigen Schadstoffminderung,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2001, no. 1629.
    41. X. Liu, T. Heinzel, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fireside slagging and corrosion on superheater by firing lignite coals and coal blends in a PF boiler,” 2001.
    42. C. Lopez, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Pilot and lab scale tests for prediction of ash deposition,” 2001.
    43. J. Maier and K. R. G. Hein, “Effect of pre-drying on P.F. combustion, fly ash and emission behavior of different European low-rank fuels,” in Eighteenth Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference proceedings, Newcastle, New South Wales, 2001.
    44. F. Pfeiffer, “Bestimmung der Emissionen klimarelevanter und flüchtiger organischer Spurengase aus Öl- und Gasfeuerungen kleiner Leistung,” Inst. für Verfahrenstechnik u. Dampfkesselwesen, Stuttgart, 2001.
    45. T. von Puttkamer, D. Kauter, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and I. Lewandowski, “Bestimmung chemisch-stofflicher Brennstoffeigenschaften: Teil 1: Ringversuch zur Analytik biogener Festbrennstoffe,” in Eigenschaften biogener Festbrennstoffe, Münster, 2001, no. 17.
    46. T. Reichelt, “Freisetzung gasförmiger Alkaliverbindungen bei atmosphärischer und druckaufgeladener Verbrennung,” Fortschrittberichte VDI : Reihe 3, Verfahrenstechnik, no. 687. VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2001.
    47. B. Risio et al., “Großkraftwerksmessung und 3D-Brennkammersimulation als Werkzeug zur Senkung der Betriebskosten im Kraftwerk Altbach/Deizisau der Neckarwerke Stuttgart AG,” in Verbrennung und Feuerungen, 2001, no. 1629.
    48. F. Rückert, J. Ströhle, T. Sabel, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Advantages of combining different grid types for 3D furnace modelling,” 2001.
    49. T. Sabel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Application of quotient pyrometry to industrial pulverised coal combustion,” 2001.
    50. K. Sandelin, B. Coda, R. Backmann, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Melting of ash components in co-firing coal, straw and paper sudge under bubbling fluidized bed conditions,” in Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, New York, 2001.
    51. C. Sauer, A. Bundschuh, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Gekoppelte Simulation des Feuerraums und Wasser/Dampf-Kreislauf in einem Großkraftwerkskessel,” in Computersimulation von Strömungen und Wärmetransportprozessen in der Energietechnik, 2001.
    52. W. Scheurer, C. Spang, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Lab and semi-lab scale investigations on co-combustion of refuse derived fuel (RDF) in pulverised coal firings,” in Incineration 2001, Rugby (Warwickshire), 2001.
    53. U. Schnell, “Numerical modelling of solid fuel combustion processes using advanced CFD-based simulation tools,” vol. 1, no. 4, 2001.
    54. U. Schnell, S. Richter, and K. R. G. Hein, “Numerical simulation of slagging and fouling in a pulverized coal-fired utility boiler,” 2001.
    55. H. Schürmann, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, P. B. Monkhouse, and U. Gottwald, “The influence of fuel additives on the behaviour of gaseous alkali-metal compounds during pulverised coal combustion,” in Combustion chemistry, London, 2001, no. 119.
    56. H. Spliethoff and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass gasification in power industry - status and research,” 2001.
    57. H. Spliethoff, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Status of co-combustion of coal and biomass in Europe,” in Sixth International Conference on Technologies and Combustion for a Clean Environment, 2001.
    58. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by gasification or pyrolysis of biomass for the use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” 2001.
    59. C. Storm, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Pyrolysis of biomass as pre-treatment for the use as reburn fuel in coal-fired boilers,” Oxford, 2001, vol. 2.
    60. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by pyrolysis of biomass for use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, London, 2001.
    61. J. Ströhle, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “A mean flux discrete ordinates interpolation scheme for general co-ordinates,” New York, 2001.
    62. J. Ströhle, T. Sabel, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Numerical simulations of coal-fired furnaces using a vectorized Lagrangian particle model coupled with the discrete ordinates method,” 2001.
    63. S. Unterberger, T. Heinzel, C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Co-utilisation of coal and biomass in combustion systems,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, London, 2001.
    64. S. Unterberger, C. Lopez, and K. R. G. Hein, “EU-Project ‘Prediction of Ash and Deposit Formation for Biomass Pulverised Fuel Co-Combustion,’” 2001.
    65. S. Unterberger, C. K. Gaegauf, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Profile measurements and modelling studies for the optimisation of combustion processes in wood-firing systems,” 2001.
    66. T. von Puttkamer, D. Kauter, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and I. Lewandowski, “Analyseverfahren zur Bestimmung chemisch-stofflicher Brennstoffeigenschaften,” in Brennstoffqualität - Feuerungen - Emissionen, Stuttgart, 2001, no. 47.
    67. X. Wei, C. Lopez, T. von Puttkamer, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Release of chlorine and its relention in ash during co-combustion of biomass and coal in a pulverized fuel combustor,” in 6th International Conference on Technologies and Combustion for a Clean Environment, 2001.
    68. E. Welfonder, “Zusammenwirken von Kraftwerken und Netz bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft,” in Leit-, Informations- und Elektrotechnik im Kraftwerk 2001, Essen, 2001.
    69. N. Wolski, W. Scheurer, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Trace metal partitioning from co-combustion of RDF and bituminous coal,” 2001.
    70. N. Wolski, R. Cenni, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Emission behaviour of particulate matter in coal and sludge co-combustion,” in Trace Element Workshop 2001, Yokohama, 2001.
    71. U. Zuberbühler, G. Baumbach, and K. R. G. Hein, “Emission aus Holzfeuerungen - Sekundärmaßnahmen zur Staubabscheidung,” 2001.
    72. U. Zuberbühler, G. Baumbach, D. Straub, and M. Struschka, “Fine particle emissions from wood combustion in different firing systems,” Porto Portugal, 2001.
    73. U. Zuberbühler, R. Berger, G. Baumbach, and K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion performance with residues of olive oil production in three different firing systems for decentral process heat generation,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, London, 2001.
  9. 2000

    1. A. Benöhr, C. Kuner, R. Kuhn, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Experimentelle Untersuchungen zum Verbrennungsverhalten von Kohlenstaub und zur Stickoxidbildung in der Druckkohlenstaubfeuerung,” 2000.
    2. F. Brickwedde, Ed., “Mitverbrennung von Biomasse in Kohlekraftwerken,” in Energie im 21. Jahrhundert, Osnabrück, 2000.
    3. A. Bundschuh, B. Risio, T. Sabel, R. Berger, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Simulation der Feuerung eines Großkraftwerks während verschiedener Lastzustände,” in Modellierung und Simulation von Dampferzeugern und Feuerungen, 2000, no. 1534.
    4. R. Cenni and K. R. G. Hein, “Partitioning of toxic metals during sewage sludge and coal co-firing,” 2000.
    5. B. Coda, M. Klawa, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Energetic utilisation of paper sludge by means of co-combustion under fluidised bed conditions,” 2000.
    6. B. Coda and L. Tognotti, “The prediction of char combustion kinetics at high temperature,” Experimental thermal & fluid science, vol. 1–3, pp. 79–86, 2000.
    7. K. R. G. Hein and W. Scheurer, “Co-combustion of biomass, wastes and residues with coal,” in The use of coal in mixture with wastes and residues, Jülich, 2000.
    8. T. Heinzel, W. Scheurer, J. Baum, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion performance and residue analysis of trial burns in a pilot-scale slag-tap furnace with coals and waste fuels,” 2000.
    9. T. Heinzel, W. Scheurer, J. Baum, J. Maier, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Ergebnisse aus Verbrennungsversuchen mit Klärschlämmen, Biomassen und Kohle in einer 300 kW(th) Zyklon-Schmelzkammerfeuerung : Betriebserfahrungen und Rückstandseigenschaften,” in Wege des Abfalls, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1540.
    10. T. Heinzel, W. Scheurer, J. Baum, J. Maier, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “A comparison of dry ash removal PF and slag-tap furnace regarding biomass and sewage sludge co-combustion on the basis of pilot-scale tests,” 2000.
    11. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verhalten von Quecksilber in Rauchgasreinigungsanlagen,” 2000.
    12. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Mercury emissions from coal-sewage sludge co-combustion,” 2000.
    13. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Bestimmung von Quecksilberspezies in Rauchgasen,” 2000.
    14. M. Hocquel, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verhalten von Quecksilberemissionen bei der Mitverbrennung von Klärschlämmen in Kohlestaubfeuerungen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des gasförmigen Anteils,” 2000.
    15. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verhalten von Quecksilber bei der Mitverbrennung von Klärschlämmen in Kraftwerken,” in Wege des Abfalls, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1540.
    16. P. Honig and E. Welfonder, “Optimization of short-term scheduling of power plant units in large-scale cogeneration systems,” 2000.
    17. F. Kluger, I. Gorges, J. Maier, H.-P. Schiffer, and K. R. G. Hein, “Experimentelle Simulation von Ascheansatzbildung mit Braunkohlen unterschiedlicher Qualität,” 2000.
    18. F. Kluger, M. Hocquel, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion of pre-dried brown coal (PBC) - experimental investigation of combustion engineering measures for nitrogen oxide reduction,” 2000.
    19. J. Maier and K. R. G. Hein, “Einfluss hoher Verbrennungstemperaturen auf das NOx- und SO2- Emissionsverhalten bei der Feuerung von extern getrockneter Braunkohle,” 2000.
    20. O. Moersch, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Tar quantification with a new online analyzing method,” vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 79–86, 2000.
    21. O. Mörsch, “Entwicklung einer online Methode zur Bestimmung des Teergehalts im Gas aus der Vergasung von Biomasse,” VDI-Verl., Düsseldorf, 2000.
    22. F. Pfeiffer, M. Struschka, G. Baumbach, H. Hagenmaier, and K. R. G. Hein, “PCDD/PCDF emissions from small firing systems in households,” vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 225–232, 2000.
    23. F. Pfeiffer, M. Struschka, and G. Baumbach, Ermittlung der mittleren Emissionsfaktoren zur Darstellung der Emissionsentwicklung aus Feuerungsanlagen im Bereich der Haushalte und Kleinverbraucher, no. 2000,14. Berlin: Umweltbundesamt, 2000.
    24. K. Pitscheider and E. Welfonder, “Konventionelle Dampfkraftwerke mit geregeltem Kondensatstaubetrieb - modellgestütztes Block-Führungs- und Regelkonzept,” in Netzregelung und Systemführung, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1259.
    25. K. Pitscheider, B. Meerbeck, and E. Welfonder, “Robust model-based unit control concept with regulated deactivation of preheaters and heat condensers,” 2000.
    26. T. von Puttkamer, D. Kauter, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Round Robin on biomass fuels,” 2000.
    27. T. Reichelt, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “In situ determination of fuel particle reaction rates by simultaneous measurement of particle temperature and size,” Chemical engineering & technology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 22–26, 2000.
    28. S. Richter et al., “Vorhersage des Verschmutzungsverhaltens von Kraftwerksfeuerungen,” 2000.
    29. B. Risio, T. Sabel, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Bewertung der Verlässlichkeit numerischer Vorhersagen zur rechnergestützten Optimierung von Großkraftwerks-Brennkammern,” 2000.
    30. B. Risio et al., “Capabilities of AIOLOS in predicting the wall atmosphere in Altbach/Deizisau HKW2, of the Neckarwerke Stuttgart AG,” in Industrial furnaces and boilers, Rio Tinto, 2000.
    31. F. Rückert, U. Schnell, K. R. G. Hein, B. Peters, L. Krebs, and H. Hunsinger, “Simulation verschiedener Feuerungsprinzipien einer Rostfeuerungsanlage,” in Modellierung und Simulation von Dampferzeugern und Feuerungen, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1534.
    32. T. Sabel et al., “New measuring technologies and numerical simulation for the characterisation of modern bituminous coal-fired boilers,” in The proceedings of the 25th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Washington, D. C., 2000.
    33. T. Sabel et al., “Full scale measurements and mathematical modelling studies for the investigation of the combustion behaviour of a modern bituminous coal-fired boiler,” Rio Tinto, 2000.
    34. K. Sandelin, B. Coda, and R. Backmann, “Ash and trace element chemistry in combustion processes,” 2000.
    35. C. Sauer, A. Wauschkuhn, A. Bundschuh, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Detaillierte gekoppelte Prozesssimulation eines Großkraftwerks,” in Vorhersage des Verschmutzungsverhaltens von Kraftwerksfeuerungen, Stuttgart, 2000.
    36. W. Scheurer, U. Richers, J. Maier, K. R. G. Hein, and H. Seifert, “Stand der thermischen Nutzung von Sekundärbrennstoffen in Kraftwerken,” Entsorgungspraxis, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 27–34, 2000.
    37. W. Scheurer, C. Spang, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Mitverbrennung von RDF in einer 500 kWth Kohlenstaubfeuerung,” 2000.
    38. W. Scheurer, U. Richers, H. Spliethoff, K. R. G. Hein, and H. Seifert, “Status and perspectives of co-combustion of waste materials in coal-fired power plants in Germany,” 2000.
    39. W. Scheurer, U. Richers, J. Maier, K. R. G. Hein, and H. Seifert, “Gegenwärtiger Stand und Perspektiven der Mitverbrennung in deutschen Kraftwerken,” in Wege des Abfalls, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1540.
    40. W. Scheurer, U. Richers, H. Spliethoff, K. R. G. Hein, and H. Seifert, Untersuchungen zum Stand der Mitverbrennung von Klärschlamm, Hausmüll und Biomasse in Kohlekraftwerken. Stuttgart: Inst. für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen, 2000.
    41. U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Experimentelle und simulationsgestützte Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung und Optimierung von schadstoffarmen Kohlekraftwerken,” in Ergebnisse aus der Verbrennungsforschung, Stuttgart, 2000, no. 15.
    42. H. Schürmann, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Messung gasförmiger Alkalien an einem Druckflugstromreaktor mit laserspektroskopischer Messtechnik,” in Entwicklung eines kohlegefeuerten Gas- und Dampfturbinenprozesses mit Flüssigascheabscheidung, 2000.
    43. H. Spliethoff, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Slagging and fouling in coal combustion and biomass co-combustion,” 2000.
    44. H. Spliethoff, U. Greul, and K. R. G. Hein, “The effect of coal rank on low-NOx combustion,” 2000.
    45. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by gasification of biomass for use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” 2000.
    46. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by pyrolysis of biomass and sewage sludge for use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” 2000.
    47. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Gasification and pyrolysis of biomass for the generation of a reburn gas for combustion in coal-fired boilers,” 2000.
    48. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by pyrolysis or gasification of biomass for use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” 2000.
    49. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Pyrolysis and gasification of sewage sludge as thermal pre-treatment for co-combustion in coal-fired boilers,” 2000.
    50. J. Ströhle, H. Knaus, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “A radiation model for the numerical simulation of coal-fired furnaces using body-fitted grids,” vol. 153, no. 1, pp. 127–139, 2000.
    51. S. Unterberger, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Zufeuerung von Biomasse in Kohlekraftwerken,” 2000.
    52. S. Unterberger, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “On the application of measurements and modelling studies for the optimisation of mixing and combustion processes in small scale wood heaters,” Stuttgart, 2000, vol. 2.
    53. A. Wauschkuhn, U. Schnell, K. R. G. Hein, M. Doering, and G. Scheffknecht, “Experimentelle Untersuchungen zum Verhalten innenberippter Verdampferrohre,” 2000.
    54. E. Welfonder, “Unbundling and safe operation of power systems - solutions for the practice,” in Power plants and power systems control 2000, Oxford, 2000.
    55. E. Welfonder and R. Gwinner, “STEP in the process, power and related industries – Ermöglichung durchgängiger Informationsflüsse bei Planung und Betrieb,” in Vorhersage des Verschmutzungsverhaltens von Kraftwerksfeuerungen, Stuttgart, 2000.
    56. E. Welfonder and M. Spanner, “Möglichkeiten zur Verbesserung des Dämpfungsverhaltens von Netzpendelungen bei erhöhtem Leistungstransit,” in VDI-Berichte, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1529.
    57. E. Welfonder, “Prozess- und informationstechnische Interaktionen zwischen Energieerzeugung, Handel/Versorgung und Netzsystemführung bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft,” in GMA/ETG-Fachtagung, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1529.
    58. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Activities on fine particles and trace elements from power plants,” 2000.
    59. U. Zuberbühler and G. Baumbach, Entwicklung eines Feuerungskonzeptes zur Verbesserung des Ausbrandes bei gleichzeitiger NOx-Minderung bei der Holzverbrennung im gewerblichen Bereich. Stuttgart: Institut für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen, 2000.
    60. Ö. Ünal, W. de Jong, H. Spliethoff, C. Kuner, H. Nagel, and K. R. G. Hein, “Vergleich von Braunkohle und Holz für verschiedene Druckwirbelschichtfeuerungen der 2. Generation,” in Wirbelschichtfeuerung und -vergasung, Düsseldorf, 2000, no. 1535.