Institute of Combustion and Power Plant Technology

Publications 2000 - 2008

Papers published 2000 - 2008

  1. 2008

    1. K. B. Ang, G. Baumbach, W. Dreher, and P. Pesch, “A method to identify traffic-related particulate matters in urban air,” 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    2. K. B. Ang, G. Baumbach, U. Vogt, W. Dreher, and P. Pesch, “Identifikation von Feinstäuben an einem verkehrsreichen Standort in Stuttgart durch korngrößenspezifische Partikelsammlung und -analyse,” 24.-25.06.2008, Nürnberg. VDI-Berichte 2040, 2008.
    3. K. B. Ang, “Luftreinhaltung,” in Das Expertenlesebuch, vol. 1, M. Steierwald, Ed. Aachen: Shaker Verl., 2008.
    4. K. B. Ang et al., “Street cleaning as PM control method,” 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    5. M. Arkouli et al., “A practical and low-cost method to access the air quality in large cities - Buenos Aires experience,” 12.-14.11.2008, Bangkok, Thailand, 2008.
    6. K. Brechtel, V. Stack-Lara, and G. Scheffknecht, “Einfluss der Zusammensetzung von SCR-DeNOx-Katalysatoren auf die Quecksilberoxidation,” Essen, 2008.
    7. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Entwicklung aminhaltiger Waschlösungen zur Abtrennung von CO2 aus Rauchgasen,” VGB PowerTech, vol. 7, pp. 96–101, 2008.
    8. P. Galindo Cifre et al., “Integration of a chemical process model in a power plant modelling tool for the simulation of an amine based CO2 scrubber,” 01.-05.06.2008, Clearwater,  Florida, USA, 2008.
    9. A. Gerhardt et al., “Investigation of the influence of SRF-Co-Combustion on Chlorine Corrosion Risk of Superheaters at a CFB boiler,” 13.-16.05.2008, Hamburg, 2008.
    10. J. P. Kim, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “Comparison of different global reaction mechanisms for MILD combustion of natural gas,” Combustion Science and Technology, vol. 180, no. 4, Art. no. 4, 2008, doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00102200701838735.
    11. J. Maier, A. Fuller, A. Gerhardt, and G. Scheffknecht, “Characterization of co-combustion lignite fly ashes for use in existing fields of applications and for evaluating the fouling and corrosion tendencies,” 29.09.2008-03.10.2008, Banff, Canada, 2008.
    12. J. Maier, P. Mönckert, B. Dhungel, R. Kull, and G. Scheffknecht, “Impact of combustion conditions on emission formation (SO2, NOX) and fly ash,” 04.-06.03.2008, Yokohama, Japan, 2008.
    13. N. Poboss, S. Kicherer, C. Hawthorne, A. Schuster, and G. Scheffknecht, “Investigation of Alkali Behaviour during the absorption enhanced reforming,” 02.-06.06.2008, Valencia, Spain, 2008.
    14. G. Scheffknecht and J. Maier, “Firing issues related to the oxyfuel process,” VGB PowerTech, vol. 88, no. 11, Art. no. 11, 2008.
    15. G. Scheffknecht, “Fossil fuel based power generation and green-house-gas emissions - state of the art and perspective,” International journal of energy for a CLEAN environment, vol. 9, no. 1–3, Art. no. 1–3, 2008, doi: https://doi.org/10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.v9.i1-3.130.
    16. A. Schuster, S. Erhardt, G. Scheffknecht, and J. Wünning, “Conversion of ammonia to NOx for flameless oxidation of low calorific value gas,” 13.-16.01.2008, Phuket (Thailand), 2008.
    17. M. Treuer, “Flachheitsbasierte Zwei-Freiheitsgrade-Regelung von Speicherwasserkraftwerken,” 20.-22.02.2008, Boppard, 2008.
    18. X. Wei, X. Han, U. Schnell, G. Scheffknecht, and B. Risio, “Modeling of the NOx and SOx formation in pulverized coal combustion with detailed reaction mechanisms,” Chinese journal of theoretical and applied mechanics, 2008.
    19. T. Weißbach and E. Welfonder, “Electric power balance in deregulated electricity markets - consequences and requirements to generators,” 15.10.2008, Köln, 2008.
    20. T. Weißbach and E. Welfonder, “Improvement of the performance of scheduled stepwise power programme changes within the European power system,” 06.-11.07.2008, Seoul, Korea, 2008.
  2. 2007

    1. K. B. Ang et al., “Identfication of traffic-related PM sources at a high traffic site in Stuttgart, Germany,” 27.-29.03.2007, Nicosia, Cyprus, 2007.
    2. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, G. Scheffknecht, and B. Kuch, “Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from different sources of urban areas in Germany,” 09.-14.09.2007, Salzburg, Austria, 2007.
    3. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, B. Kuch, and G. Scheffknecht, “Determination of particle-phase organic compounds as wood burning tracers in a residential site of Germany,” 24.-28.09.2007, Reno, Nevada, USA, 2007.
    4. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, G. Scheffknecht, and B. Kuch, “Sources of particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a residential site in southern Gemany,” 27.-29.03.2007, Limassol,  Cyprus, 2007.
    5. G. Baumbach, H. Pfeiffer, S. Kleanthous, O. Poulida, and E. Beyaz, “Assessment of air quality in Cyprus,” 27.-29.03.2007, Limassol, Cyprus, 2007.
    6. G. Baumbach, K. B. Ang, M. A. Bari, U. Vogt, and Y. Zeng, “Untersuchung der Ursachen hoher Feinstaubbelastung an verkehrsreichen Straßen und der Eigenschaften und Herkunft der gesammelten PM10-Stäube des Messortes Stuttgart-Neckartor,” in Emissionsarme Biomassefeuerungen, Stuttgart: IVD, 2007.
    7. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Entwicklung von aminhaltigen Waschlösungen zur Abtrennung von CO2 aus Rauchgasen,” 23.10.2007, Rostock-Warnemünde, 2007.
    8. W. Bächlin, C. Sörgel, M. Struschka, W. Juschka, G. Baumbach, and A. Trukenmöller, “Tool für die Planung zur Abschätzung der Luftbelastung in Wohngebieten auf Grund verstärkter Verfeuerung fester Biomasse,” in METTOOLS VI - Fachtagung des Fachausschusses Umweltmeteorologie der Deutschen Meteorologischen Gesellschaft, 24.-26.04.2007, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 2007.
    9. B. Dhungel, J. Maier, and G. Scheffknecht, “Emission behaviour during oxy-coal combustion in a 20 kW once through furnace,” 02.-05.07.2007, Povoa de Varzim, Portugal, 2007.
    10. U. Jäger, H. Thorwarth, C. Acuna-Caro, and G. Scheffknecht, Verhalten von Quecksilber und seinen Verbindungen in staubhaltigen Rauchgasen . Abschlussbericht zum AiF-Forschungsvorhaben Nr. 13 534 N. Stuttgart, 2007.
    11. J. P. Kim, U. Schnell, G. Scheffknecht, and A. C. Benim, “Numerical modelling of MILD combustion for coal,” Progress in computational fluid dynamics, vol. 7, no. 6, Art. no. 6, 2007, doi: https://doi.org/10.1504/PCFD.2007.014683.
    12. J. Lehner and M. Kurth, “Oscillation behaviour of the enlarged European interconnected network including the Turkish power system,” 26.-28.06.2007, Madrid, Spain, 2007.
    13. J. Maier, B. Dhungel, P. Mönckert, and G. Scheffknecht, “Combustion and emission behaviour under oxy-fuel condifiton,” 11. und 12. Oktober 2007, Dresden, 2007.
    14. D. Ristic, R. Berger, G. Scheffknecht, C. Lacour, D. Honore, and J. Wünning, “Experimental study on flameless oxidation of pulverised coal under air staging conditions,” 13.-15.06.2007, Pisa, Italy, 2007.
    15. G. Scheffknecht et al., “Coupled simulation of the combustion and steam generation process in large utility boilers,” 10.-15.06.2007, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2007.
    16. A. Schuster, M. Zieba, G. Scheffknecht, and J. Wünning, “Optimisation of conventional biomass combustion system by applying flameless oxidation,” 13.-15.06.2007, Pisa, Italien, 2007.
    17. H. Schürmann, P. B. Monkhouse, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “In situ parametric study of alkali release in pulverized coal combustion,” in Proceedings of the Combustion Institute - Effects of operating conditions and gas composition, 2007, vol. 31.
    18. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Impact of municipal sewage sludge co-combustion on trace element behaviour in coal-fired boilers,” 28.-31.08.2007, Nottingham, UK, 2007.
    19. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Influence of ammonia on mercury behaviour,” June 2007, Tokyo, Japan, 2007.
    20. M. Treuer, T. Weissbach, M. Kurth, and V. Hagenmeyer, “Flatness-based two-degree-of-freedom control of a pumped storage power station,” 02.-05.07.2007, Kos, Griechenland, 2007.
    21. U. Vogt et al., “Air quality and urban climate investigations in the megacity of Buenos Aires,” 27.-29.03.2007, Nikosia, 2007.
  3. 2006

    1. K. Andersson, P. Mönckert, J. Maier, G. Scheffknecht, and F. Johnsson, “Combustion and flame characteristics of oxy-fuel combustion - experimental activities within the ENCAP Project,” 19.-22.06.2006, Trondheim, Norway, 2006.
    2. G. Baumbach and K. B. Ang, “Bestimmung und Simulation des örtlichen und zeitlichen Verlaufs der Verdunstungsemissionen aus dem Ansaugstrang von Kraftfahrzeugen,” in Informationstagung Motoren, Frühjahrstagung 2006, 30.03.2006, Frankfurt am Main, 2006, no. R 533.
    3. R. Berger, T. Golec, and A. Schuster, “New burner systems for low calorific value gases integrated with pre-gasifiers,” 17.-20.10.2006, Szczyrk, Orle Gniazdo, 2006.
    4. R. Berger, A. Schuster, and J. Wünning, “Neue Brennersysteme für Bio-Raffinerien,” Gaswärme international, vol. 55, no. 6, Art. no. 6, 2006.
    5. K. Brechtel, H. Thorwarth, and G. Scheffknecht, “CO2-capture with liquid and fixed amine-solvents,” in Advances in Energy Studies, 13.-16.09.2006, Porto Venere, Italien, 2006, no. 31,1.
    6. O. Greissl, G. Scheffknecht, M. Kaess, and T. Sabel, “Optimization of combustion and prevention of water wall corrosion at a pulverised coal fired power plant,” 21.-25.05.2006, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2006.
    7. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Importance of the selfregulating effect within power systems,” in IFAC Symposium on Power Plants and Power Systems Control 2006, 25.-28.06.2006, Kananaskis, Canada, 2006.
    8. M. Kurth, U. Schulz, T. Weissbach, E. Welfonder, and W. Heidrich, “Regeldynamisches Zusammenwirken von Kraftwerken und Netzen bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft,” Essen, 2006.
    9. M. Käß, T. Sabel, B. Haas, B. Risio, and G. Scheffknecht, “Development trends for simulation based optimisation of boiler operation at EnBW,” 30.05.-01.06.2006, Köln, 2006.
    10. J. Lehner, M. Kurth, and E. Lerch, “Dynamisches Verhalten des europäischen Verbundnetzes bei Ausbau zum Mittelmeerring,” in VDE-Kongress: Innovations for Europe, 23.-25.10.2006, Aachen, 2006.
    11. J. Maier, B. Dhungel, P. Mönckert, and G. Scheffknecht, “Coal combustion and emission behaviour under oxyfuel condition,” 21.-25.05.2006, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2006.
    12. G. Scheffknecht, J. Maier, R. Berger, and H. Thorwarth, “An overview on CO2-capture technologies and current R&D activities at IVD,” 17.-20.10.2006, Szczyrk, Orle Gniazdo, 2006.
    13. J. Tembrink, H. Thorwarth, and A. Dieckmann, “Mercury behaviour in coal-fired power plants with sewage sludge co-combustion,” 05.-07.06.2006, Katowice, Poland, 2006.
    14. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “The effect of conventional air pollution control devices and biomass co-combustion on mercury behaviour,” presented at the 31st International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2006.
    15. H. Thorwarth and G. Scheffknecht, “Trace element behaviour in SCR-catalysts and electrostatic precipitators,” presented at the 7th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers, Porto, Portugal, 2006.
    16. M. Treuer, T. Weissbach, M. Kurth, D. Haake, and R. Gudat, “Zum Einsatz modellgestützer Regelung von Dampfkraftwerksblöcken über große Lastbereiche zur Erhöhung der Manövrierfähigkeit - Parametrierung und Simulation eines nichtlinearen Blockführungskonzepts,” 24.-25.10.2006, Dresden, 2006.
    17. T. Weißbach, M. Kurth, E. Welfonder, D. Haake, and R. Gudat, “Control performance of large scale steam power plants and improvements,” in IFAC Symposium on Power Plants and Power Systems Control 2006, 25.-28.06.2006, Kananaskis, Canada, 2006.
    18. E. Welfonder, “Sinnvolle sozio-ökonomische Weiterentwicklung der globalisierten Gesellschaft,” VGB PowerTech, no. 8, Art. no. 8, 2006.
  4. 2005

    1. M. A. Bari, G. Baumbach, L. Sarachaga-Ruiz, S. Drautz, S. Kleanthous, and E. Beyaz, “Determination of fine particulate matter from urban and rural sites,” in 4th Asian Aerosol Conference, 13.-16.12.2005, Mumbai, India, 2005, pp. 122–123.
    2. J. Beck, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Deactivation of SCR DeNOx catalysts by fuel-phosphate,” in The proceedings of the 30th International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, 17.-21.04.2005, Clearwater, Florida, USA, 2005.
    3. J. Beck, S. Unterberger, G. Scheffknecht, A. Jensen, Y. Zheng, and J. E. Johnsson, “The effect of biomass co-combustion on DeNOx catalysts,” 10.-12.05.2005, Castiadas, Sardinia, 2005.
    4. R. Berger, C. Hawthorne, and G. Scheffknecht, “Lime enhanced gasification of solids :  a process offering new prospects in fuel chemistry,” 16.-18.06.2005, Freiberg/Saxony, Germany, 2005.
    5. R. Berger, M. Schmid, and J. Wünning, “Low-NOx Schwachgasverbrennung mit flammloser Oxidation,” Gaswärme international, 2005.
    6. A. Berreth, X. Han, B. Risio, and K. R. G. Hein, “Einsatz detaillierter Gaschemie und nichtoxidierender heterogener Feststoffreaktionen zur Verbesserung der Verlässlichkeit von CO-Vorhersagen in CFD-Simulationen von Kohle- und Gasflammen,” 21.-22.09.2005, Braunschweig. VDI-Berichte 1888, 2005.
    7. P. Casabonnet, J. Maier, and J.-J. Campillo, “Identification and assessment of solid recovered fuels streams as substitute for fossile fuels,” Portugal, 2005.
    8. B. Essig and E. Welfonder, “Durchgängige Kennzeichnungssystematik für den gesamten Produktlebenszyklus, unter anderem auch für die Verfahrenstechnik,” 07.-08.06.2005, Baden-Baden. VDI-Berichte 1883, 2005.
    9. T. Hilber et al., “Flue-gas coupling of a waste incinerator with a lignite-fired coal boiler : assessment of the best-suited injection concept by computational and experimental methods,” in Computational methods and experimental measurements XII, 20.-22.06.2005, Qawra, 2005.
    10. J. P. Kim, C. Deeg, T. Hilber, U. Schnell, and G. Scheffknecht, “Numerical Simulation of Coal Combustion with Detailed Gas-Phase Chemistry,” 21.-24.06.2005, Lissabon, 2005.
    11. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Oscillation behaviour of the enlarged European power system under deregulated energy market conditions,” Control engineering practice, vol. 13, no. 12, Art. no. 12, 2005, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conengprac.2005.03.017.
    12. G. Scheffknecht and G. Stamatelopoulos, “CO2-Minderung mit modernen Kohlekraftwerken?,” Chemie - Ingenieur - Technik, vol. 77, no. 4, Art. no. 4, 2005, doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.200407007.
    13. G. Scheffknecht, “Lebensdauerverlängerung des bestehenden Kraftwerksparks und CO2-Emissionen - ein Zielkonflikt,” 28.06.2005, Stuttgart, 2005.
    14. U. Schnell, H. Dieter, and G. Scheffknecht, “Detailed combustion and steamside simulation of fossil-fuel fired utility boilers,” in Eighth Results and Review Workshop on High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, 13.-14.10.2005, Stuttgart University, 2005.
    15. A. Schuster, R. Berger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Utilisation of solid bio-residues in a new combustion system applying flameless oxidation,” 16.-21.10.2005, Paris, 2005.
    16. H. Schürmann, P. B. Monkhouse, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “In-situ determination of alkali species released in pulverised coal combustion as a function of operating conditions and additives,” 27.-30.06.2005, Lisbon/Portugal, 2005.
    17. H. Thorwarth, V. Stack-Lara, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “The influence of fly ash constitutents on mercury speciation,” 15.-21.09.2005, Washington,  USA, 2005.
    18. H. Thorwarth, S. Unterberger, and G. Scheffknecht, “Trace element behaviour in air pollution control devices,” 10.-12.05.2005, Castiadas, Sardinia, 2005.
    19. S. Unterberger, In-furnace measurements and mathematical simulation studies for the optimisation of small scale wood combustion systems. Shaker-Verlag Aachen, 2005.
    20. T. Weißbach, M. Kurth, E. Welfonder, E. Haake, and R. Gudat, “Zum Einsatz modellgestützter Regelungen bei Dampfkraftwerksblöcken über große Lastbereiche zur Erhöhung der Manövrierfähigkeit - Teil I: Durchgeführte Voruntersuchungen,” 18.-19.10.2005, Dresden, 2005.
  5. 2004

    1. M. Diaz, “Mercury emission control in coal-fired plants : the role of wet scrubbers,” 17.-21.04.2005, Cork, 2004.
    2. B. Essig, E. Welfonder, and K. Hesselmann, “Reference designation system : a new standard also for chemical plants,” 27.-28.05.2004, Basle, Switzerland, 2004.
    3. K. R. G. Hein, “The contribution of coal to the future energy supply in Europe,” 30.09.-02.10.2004, Sorrento, 2004.
    4. W. Kessel, B. Epple, G. Scheffknecht, and G. Dowden, “Design and commissioning experience of 2 x 900 MW supercritical boilers for WaiGaoQiao Shanghai,” 18.-22.10.2004, Shanghai, P. R. of China, 2004.
    5. T. Marquard-Möllenstedt et al., “New approach for biomass gasification to hydrogen,” in Second World Biomass Conference: Biomass for energy, industry and climate protection, 10.-14.05.2004, Rome, Italy, 2004.
    6. M. Michel, J. Waizmann, R. Berger, M. Specht, and T. Marquard-Möllenstedt, “Wasserdarmpfvergasung mit Hilfe eines absorptiven Bettmaterials zur Herstellung wasserstoffreicher Gase aus Biomasse,” 11.02.2004, Essen, 2004.
    7. R. Neifer and E. Welfonder, “Experimentelle Ermittlung des Elektroenergiebedarfs von Gebäudezentren und resultierende Einsparmöglichkeiten,” in VDE-Kongress: Innovationen für Menschen, 18.-20.10.2004, Berlin, 2004.
    8. C. Sauer, O. Greißl, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Influence of combustion side heat transfer on the steam generation process in parallel tubes of a utility boiler,” 08.-10.06.2004, Podbanske, Slovakia, 2004.
    9. E. Vilas, U. Skifter, A. Jensen, C. Lopez, J. Maier, and P. Glarborg, “Experimental and modeling study of biomass reburning,” Energy & fuels, vol. 18, no. 5, Art. no. 5, 2004, doi: https://doi.org/10.1021/ef049965k.
    10. X. Wei, C. Lopez, T. von Puttkamer, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Release of chlorine and its relention in ash during co-combustion of biomass and coal in a pulverized fuel combustor,” Clean air, vol. 5, no. 1, Art. no. 1, 2004, doi: https://doi.org/10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.v5.i1.10.
    11. E. Welfonder and M. Kurth, “Notwendige Begrenzungsregel- und -steuerungskonzepte bei Kraftwerk und Netz,” 18.-20.10.2004, Berlin, 2004.
    12. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fine particle formation from co-combustion of sewage sludge and bituminous coal,” in Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements and Particulate Matter, Arlington, VA, USA, 2004, no. 85,6, pp. 673–686, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2003.11.024.
  6. 2003

    1. J. Beck, M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Mercury oxidation across SCR catalysts of flue gas with varity HCl concentrations,” 2003.
    2. R. Berger, K. R. G. Hein, T. Weimer, and M. Specht, “High temperature CO2-absorption: a process offering new prospects in fuel chemistry,” 23.-26.11.2003, Nanjing, China, 2003.
    3. M. Diaz, “Trace element behavior in wet flue gas desulphurisation units - 1. experimental device,” May 2003, Hveragerdi, Island, 2003.
    4. R. Gudat, U. Schulz, B. Weidmann, M. Kurth, and E. Welfonder, “Handlungsvorgaben zum Teilnetzwiederaufbau ohne Spannungsvorgabe von außen,” 21.-22.05.2003, München. VDI-Berichte 1747, 2003.
    5. X. Han, M. Hocquel, U. Schnell, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Modelling of dry desulfurization process with calcium-based additive in pulverized coal furnaces,” 23.-26.11.2003, Nanjing, China, 2003.
    6. K. R. G. Hein, “Future energy supply in Europe - challenge and chances,” Newcastle, Australia, 2003.
    7. K. R. G. Hein, “Large scale fuel utilisation to meet future energy requirements,” 23.-26.11.2003, Nanjing, China, 2003.
    8. K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable energy in a changing society,” September 26th & 27th, 2002, New Delhi, 2003.
    9. T. Hilber, W. Scheurer, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Co-grinding of coal and solid recovered fuels for thermal utilisation in coal fired power plants : a method to evaluate the impact on grinding efficiency,” 29.06.-02.07.2003, Sheffield, UK, 2003.
    10. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Ausreichende Bedämpfung von Netzpendelungen auch bei deregulierter Marktwirtschaft und Verbundnetz-Erweiterung,” 21.-22.05.2003, München. VDI-Berichte 1747, 2003.
    11. B. Laipple and E. Welfonder, “Online-Validierung energietechnischer Prozesse unter Zulassung transienter Messdatenverläufe,” 03.-04.06.2003, Baden-Baden. VDI-Berichte 1756, 2003.
    12. C. Lopez, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Advanced biomass reburning in coal combustion systems,” in Endbericht ABRICOS, Brussels: Europäische Kommission, 2003.
    13. C. Lopez, S. Unterberger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Brennstoffstufung zur Minderung der NOx-Emissionen von Kohlenstaubfeuerungen - Versuchsergebnisse mit biogenen Festbrennstoffen,” 2003.
    14. C. Lopez, S. Unterberger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Overview of actual methods for charaterisation of ash deposition,” May 2003, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA, 2003.
    15. T. von Puttkamer, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Schadstoffströme bei der Verbrennung naturbelassener Hölzer und holzartiger Biomassen im Hinblick auf die Ascheentsorgung,” in Reihe Abfall, no. 76, Stuttgart: Baden-Württemberg, Ministerium für Umwelt und Verkehr, 2003.
    16. F. Rückert, T. Sabel, U. Schnell, K. R. G. Hein, and B. Risio, “Comparison of different global reaction mechanisms for coal-fired utility boilers,” Progress in computational fluid dynamics, vol. 3, no. 2–4, Art. no. 2–4, 2003, doi: https://doi.org/10.1504/PCFD.2003.003773.
    17. W. Scheurer, T. Hilber, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Quality of secondary fuels for pulverised fuel co-combustion,” Europäische Kommission, 2003.
    18. J. Ströhle, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Optimisation of the wide band correlated-k method for non-grey radiative transfer calculations in multidimensional enclosures,” 15.-17.04.2003, Mons, Belgium, 2003.
    19. S. Unterberger, “Supporting biomass co-combustion for a cleaner power production,” in European bio-energy projects, 1999-2002, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2003.
    20. S. Unterberger, M. Hocquel, and F. Heidelberg, “The effect of mineral oxides on mercury speciation,” in International Conference on Air Quality IV: Mercury, Trace Elements and Particulate Matter, Grand Forks, N.D., 2003.
    21. X. Wei, X. Han, U. Schnell, J. Maier, H. Wörner, and K. R. G. Hein, “The effect of HCl and SO2 on NOx formation in coal flames,” Energy & fuels, vol. 17, no. 5, Art. no. 5, 2003, doi: https://doi.org/10.1021/ef030010w.
    22. Th. Weimer and R. Berger, “BHKW und Nahwärmenetze als ökologisches Allheilmittel?,” BWK - das Energie-Fachmagazin, vol. 55, pp. 62–98, 2003.
    23. E. Welfonder, M. Kurth, C. Hodurek, and H. Radtke, “Dual electric power supply with increasing wind power generation, requirement for an advanced secondary control concept,” 09.-12.06.2003, Seoul, Korea, 2003.
    24. E. Welfonder, M. Kurth, and H.-B. Tillmann, “Duale elektrische Energieversorsorgung bei zunehmender Windkrafteinspeisung - Notwendigkeit eines erweiterten Sekundärregelkonzeptes,” 21.-22.05.2003, München. VDI-Berichte 1747, 2003.
    25. N. Wolski, R. Berger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Bubbling fluidized bed co-combustion of different sustainable fuels - trace element behaviour,” in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, 18.-21.05.2003, Jacksonville, Florida, 2003, p. 131.
    26. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Formation of fine particulate matter from co-combustion of predried lignite and sewage sludge at a semi-technical pulverised fuel combustion facility,” 07.-10.07.2003, Lisbon, Portugal, 2003.
    27. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Vergleich der Feinstpartikelentstehung aus der Mitverbrennung von Steinkohle und Braunkohle mit Klärschlamm in einem Versuchsreaktor,” 09.-10.09.2003, Cottbus. VDI-Berichte 1750, 2003.
  7. 2002

    1. R. Berger, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Heizkraftwerke auf Biomassebasis: Stand der Technik in Deutschland im europäischen Vergleich,” 2002.
    2. A. Dreiseidler et al., “Vergleichbarkeit der Ergebnisse verschiedener Partikelgrößen-Messverfahren,” 11.-13.06.2002, Düsseldorf. VDI-Berichte 1656, 2002.
    3. K. R. G. Hein, “New challenges for research in a changing energy market,” 21.-26.07.2002, Sapporo, Japan, 2002.
    4. K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable energy in a changing society,” in India Power Forum - Renewable Energy Summit 2002, 2002, p. 23.
    5. K. R. G. Hein, N. Wolski, and M. Hocquel, “The fate of trace elements in solid fuel conversion-research results and application prospects,” Yokohama, Japan, 2002.
    6. K. R. G. Hein, “The role of coal in a changing energy market,” 06.-08.06.2002, Capri, 2002.
    7. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Effects of mercury on SCR-catalyts,” 15.-16.05.2002, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 2002.
    8. M. Kübel, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass gasification - an option for SOFC fuel?,” in Proceedings / Fifth European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum, 01.-05.07.2002, Lucerne, Switzerland, 2002.
    9. H. Leibold, F. Rückert, R. Walter, H. Seifert, and K. R. G. Hein, “NOx-reduction by primary measures – experiences with the reconstructed combustion chamber of the TAMARA grate incineration plant,” 13.-17.05.2002, New Orleans, USA, 2002.
    10. X. Liu, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “The kinetics and influence factors on chlorine-induced fireside corrosion in biomass combustion system. Part I: Corrosion kinetics regarding real metal loss in chlorine corrosion,” 22.-27.09.2002, Granada, 2002.
    11. C. Lopez, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “NOx reduction by solid fuel reburning: pilot scale investigations,” 21.-23.10.2002, Chia Laguna, Sardinia, Italy, 2002.
    12. B. Meerbeck and E. Welfonder, “Nutzung der Kraft-Wärme-Kopplung zum Ausregeln elektrischer Leistungsschwankungen im Minuten-/Stundenbereich,” 24.-25.09.2002, Dresden, 2002.
    13. R. Neifer and E. Welfonder, “Experimental investigation of time dependent load configurations inside of a power distribution system,” 21.-26.07.2002, Barcelona, Spain, 2002.
    14. T. von Puttkamer, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Energetische Nutzung von Stroh in einer Stabfeuerung,” Velen, 2002.
    15. C. Sauer, A. Berreth, B. Risio, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Application of a porous cell model for the simulation of tube bundles in convective,” 02.-05.04.2002, Estoril, Lisboa, 2002.
    16. H. Schürrmann, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and P. B. Monkhouse, “On the application of laser spectroscopy for detection of gaseous alkalis during pulverised coal combustion,” 02.-05.04.2002, Porto, 2002.
    17. B. Staiger, S. Unterberger, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Development of an air staging technology to reduce NOx-emissions in grate fired boilers,” 02.-07.06.2002, Dubrovnik, 2002.
    18. X. Wei, C. Lopez, T. von Puttkamer, U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Assessment of chlorine-alkali-mineral interaction during co-combustion of coal and straw,” Energy & Fuels, no. 16, Art. no. 16, 2002.
    19. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fine particle formation from co-combustion of sewage sludge,” 09.-12.09.2002, Arlington, USA, 2002.
    20. N. Wolski, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Trace metal partitioning from co-combustion of RDF and bituminous coal,” IFRF combustion journal, p. 16, 2002.
    21. H. Wörner, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Formation and reduction of NO: comparison of coals for unstaged, air staged and fuel staged combustion,” 23.-27.09.2002, Pittsburgh, Pa, 2002.
  8. 2001

    1. G. Baumbach, U. Vogt, and K. Glaser, “Vergleichsmessungen von Ozon-Vertikalprofilen zwischen vier Lidar- und drei In-situ-Messsystemen,” 2001.
    2. A. Benöhr, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Untersuchungen zum Minderungspotentials der Stickoxidemission in der Druckkohlenstaubfeuerung,” 04.-05.09.2001, Essen. VDI-Berichte 1629, 2001.
    3. A. Benöhr, H. Schürmann, and J. Ströhle, Untersuchungen zur Verbrennung und Heißgasreinigung bei der Druckkohlenstaubfeuerung. IVD, 2001.
    4. R. Berger, G. Baumbach, U. Demant, and H. Knosp, “Batch-operated gasification and oxidation process for the recovery of precious metals,” 09.-12.07.2001, Edifício da Alfândega, Oporto (Porto), Portugal, 2001.
    5. R. Berger, B. Staiger, O. Moersch, and K. R. G. Hein, “Kontinuierliche Teermessung - eine neue Technik zur Optimierung und Prozessüberwachung von Vergasern,” Glücksburg, 2001.
    6. R. Cenni, T. Gerhardt, B. Risio, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “The effect of combined combustion of bituminous coal and dried sewage sludge on the aerodynamics of combustion,” Environ. Comb. Tech., vol. 2, pp. 317–341, 2001.
    7. B. Coda, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Sustainable utilisation of paper sludge for energy conversion: potential and environmental feasibility,” Madeira, 2001.
    8. B. Coda, M. Aho, R. Berger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Behavior of chlorine and enrichment of risky elements in bubbling fluidized bed combustion of biomass and waste assisted by additives,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 15, pp. 680–690, 2001.
    9. D. Foertsch et al., “Ein Vergleich verschiedener globaler Reaktionsmodelle anhand der Simulation eines kohlegefeuerten Großkraftwerkskessel,” 04.-05.09.2001, Essen. VDI-Berichte 1629, 2001.
    10. C. K. Gaegauf, U. Wieser, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass burner designed to reduce nanoparticle emissions,” Tyrol/Austria, 2001.
    11. R. Gwinner and E. Welfonder, “Durchgängiger Informationsfluss von der Prozess-Planung bis zum Anlagen-Rückbau unter Nutzung der STEP- und Web-Technologie,” 09.-10.05.2001, Potsdam, 2001.
    12. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Understanding mercury behaviour - a contribution to higher removal efficiencies,” 02.-04.07.2001, Hotel Le Plaza, Brussels/Belgium, 2001.
    13. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verhalten von Quecksilberemissionen bei der Mitverbrennung von Klärschlämmen in Kohlestaubfeuerungen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des gasförmigen Anteils,” 2001.
    14. F. Kluger, J. Maier, K. R. G. Hein, J. Koenig, H. Brueggemann, and U. Priesmeier, “Verbrennung von vorgetrockneter Trockenbraunkohle - experimentelle Untersuchung feuerungstechnischer Maßnahmen zur Stickoxidreduktion,” 04.-05.09.2001, Essen. VDI-Berichte 1629, 2001.
    15. M. Kurth and E. Welfonder, “Oscillation behaviour of the European interconnected power system in a deregulated energy market,” Electrical engineering, vol. 83, pp. 335–341, 2001.
    16. X. Liu, T. Heinzel, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Fireside slagging and corrosion on superheater by firing lignite coals and coal blends in a PF boiler,” 09.-12.07.2001, Edifício da Alfândega, Oporto (Porto), Portugal, 2001.
    17. C. Lopez, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Pilot and lab scale tests for prediction of ash deposition,” 28.10.-02.11.2001, Snowbird, Utah, 2001.
    18. J. Maier and K. R. G. Hein, “Effect of pre-drying on P.F. combustion, fly ash and emission behavior of different European low-rank fuels,” 03.-07.12.2001, Newcastle, NSW, Australia, 2001.
    19. B. Risio et al., “Großkraftwerksmessung und 3D-Brennkammersimulation als Werkzeug zur Senkung der Betriebskosten im Kraftwerk Altbach/Deizisau der Neckarwerke Stuttgart AG,” 04.-05.09.2001, Essen. VDI-Berichte 1629, 2001.
    20. U. Schnell, S. Richter, and K. R. G. Hein, “Numerical simulation of slagging and fouling in a pulverized coal-fired utility boiler,” 08.-13.07.2001, Davos/Switzerland, 2001.
    21. H. Spliethoff and K. R. G. Hein, “Biomass gasification in power industry - status and research,” 15.-18.04.2001, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 2001.
    22. J. Ströhle, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “A mean flux discrete ordinates interpolation scheme for general co-ordinates,” 17.-22.06.2001, Antalya/Turkey, 2001.
    23. S. Unterberger, C. Lopez, and K. R. G. Hein, “EU-Project ‘Prediction of Ash and Deposit Formation for Biomass Pulverised Fuel Co-Combustion,’” 28.10.-02.11.2001, Snowbird, Utah, 2001.
    24. T. von Puttkamer, D. Kauter, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and I. Lewandowski, “Analyseverfahren zur Bestimmung chemisch-stofflicher Brennstoffeigenschaften,” in 3. Stuttgarter Holzfeuerungs-Kolloquium: Brennstoffqualität - Feuerungen - Emissionen, 20.09.2001, Stuttgart, 2001, no. 47.
    25. X. Wei, C. Lopez, T. von Puttkamer, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Release of chlorine and its relention in ash during co-combustion of biomass and coal in a pulverized fuel combustor,” 09.-12.07.2001, Edifício da Alfândega, Oporto (Porto), Portugal, 2001.
    26. E. Welfonder, “Zusammenwirken von Kraftwerken und Netz bei deregulierter Energiewirtschaft,” 09.-10.05.2001, Potsdam, 2001.
    27. U. Zuberbühler, G. Baumbach, and K. R. G. Hein, “Emission aus Holzfeuerungen - Sekundärmaßnahmen zur Staubabscheidung,” 13.07.2001, Rottenburg, 2001.
  9. 2000

    1. F. Brickwedde, Ed., “Mitverbrennung von Biomasse in Kohlekraftwerken,” in 5. Internationale Sommerakademie St. Marienthal: Energie im 21. Jahrhundert, Ostritz/SN, 2000.
    2. A. Bundschuh, B. Risio, T. Sabel, R. Berger, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Simulation der Feuerung eines Großkraftwerks während verschiedener Lastzustände,” 14.-15.03.2000, Braunschweig. VDI-Berichte 1534, 2000.
    3. B. Coda, M. Klawa, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Energetic utilisation of paper sludge by means of co-combustion under fluidised bed conditions,” Cottbus, 2000.
    4. B. Coda and L. Tognotti, “The prediction of char combustion kinetics at high temperature,” Experimental thermal & fluid science, vol. 1–3, pp. 79–86, 2000.
    5. T. Heinzel, W. Scheurer, J. Baum, J. Maier, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “A comparison of dry ash removal PF and slag-tap furnace regarding biomass and sewage sludge co-combustion on the basis of pilot-scale tests,” Velen/Westf., 2000.
    6. T. Heinzel, W. Scheurer, J. Baum, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Combustion performance and residue analysis of trial burns in a pilot-scale slag-tap furnace with coals and waste fuels,” Portland (OR), 2000.
    7. T. Heinzel, W. Scheurer, J. Baum, J. Maier, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Ergebnisse aus Verbrennungsversuchen mit Klärschlämmen, Biomassen und Kohle in einer 300 kW(th) Zyklon-Schmelzkammerfeuerung : Betriebserfahrungen und Rückstandseigenschaften,” 10.-11.05.2000, Veitshöchheim. VDI-Berichte 1540, 2000.
    8. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Bestimmung von Quecksilberspezies in Rauchgasen,” 22.-27.05.2000, Frankfurt/Main, 2000.
    9. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Mercury emissions from coal-sewage sludge co-combustion,” 6/2000, Copenhagen, 2000.
    10. M. Hocquel, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Verhalten von Quecksilber in Rauchgasreinigungsanlagen,” 24.-25.10.2000, Dresden, 2000.
    11. D. Kauter, I. Lewandowski, and T. von Puttkamer, “Determination of the chemical composition of solid biofuels: Need of standardised methods and results from a round robin test,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, 05.-09.06.2000, Sevilla, Spain, 2000.
    12. F. Kluger, I. Gorges, J. Maier, H.-P. Schiffer, and K. R. G. Hein, “Experimentelle Simulation von Ascheansatzbildung mit Braunkohlen unterschiedlicher Qualität,” 24.-25.10.2000, Dresden, 2000.
    13. J. Maier and K. R. G. Hein, “Einfluss hoher Verbrennungstemperaturen auf das NOx- und SO2- Emissionsverhalten bei der Feuerung von extern getrockneter Braunkohle,” 2000.
    14. F. Pfeiffer, M. Struschka, G. Baumbach, H. Hagenmaier, and K. R. G. Hein, “PCDD/PCDF emissions from small firing systems in households,” Chemosphere, vol. 40, no. 2, Art. no. 2, 2000.
    15. K. Pitscheider and E. Welfonder, “Konventionelle Dampfkraftwerke mit geregeltem Kondensatstaubetrieb - modellgestütztes Block-Führungs- und Regelkonzept,” 23.-24.02.2000, München. VDI-Berichte 1259, 2000.
    16. K. Pitscheider, B. Meerbeck, and E. Welfonder, “Robust model-based unit control concept with regulated deactivation of preheaters and heat condensers,” 26.-29.04.2000, Brussels/Belgium, 2000.
    17. T. von Puttkamer, D. Kauter, S. Unterberger, K. R. G. Hein, and I. Lewandowski, “Bestimmung chemisch-stofflicher Brennstoffeigenschaften: Teil 1: Ringversuch zur Analytik biogener Festbrennstoffe,” in Eigenschaften biogener Festbrennstoffe, 07.-08.11.2000, Stuttgart. Schriftenreihe “Nachwachsende Rohstoffe,” 2000, no. 17.
    18. T. Reichelt, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “In situ determination of fuel particle reaction rates by simultaneous measurement of particle temperature and size,” Chemical engineering & technology, vol. 23, no. 1, Art. no. 1, 2000.
    19. S. Richter et al., “Vorhersage des Verschmutzungsverhaltens von Kraftwerksfeuerungen,” 10.-12.10.2000, Düsseldorf, 2000.
    20. B. Risio, T. Sabel, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Bewertung der Verlässlichkeit numerischer Vorhersagen zur rechnergestützten Optimierung von Großkraftwerks-Brennkammern,” 11.-12-10.2000, Düsseldorf, 2000.
    21. Ch. Sauer, A. Wauschkuhn, A. Bundschuh, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “Detaillierte gekoppelte Prozesssimulation eines Großkraftwerks,” 10.-12.10.2000, Düsseldorf, 2000.
    22. U. Schnell, S. Unterberger, J. Maier, and K. R. G. Hein, “Experimentelle und simulationsgestützte Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung und Optimierung von schadstoffarmen Kohlekraftwerken,” in TECFLAM-Seminar: Ergebnisse aus der Verbrennungsforschung, 16.11.2000, Karlsruhe, 2000, no. 15.
    23. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Gasification and pyrolysis of biomass for the generation of a reburn gas for combustion in coal-fired boilers,” Velen/Westf., 2000.
    24. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by gasification of biomass for use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” 19.-20.10.2000, Cottbus, 2000.
    25. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by gasification or pyrolysis of biomass for the use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” 11.-14.04.2000, Porto/Portugal, 2000.
    26. C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Generation of a gaseous fuel by pyrolysis of biomass and sewage sludge for use as reburn gas in coal-fired boilers,” Lisboa, 2000.
    27. C. Storm, S. Unterberger, and K. R. G. Hein, “Pyrolysis of biomass as pre-treatment for the use as reburn fuel in coal-fired boilers,” in 5th International Conference on Thermochemical Biomass Conversion, 17.-22.09.2000, Telfs, Tyrol/Austria, 2000, vol. 2.
    28. J. Ströhle, H. Knaus, U. Schnell, and K. R. G. Hein, “A radiation model for the numerical simulation of coal-fired furnaces using body-fitted grids,” Combustion science and technology, vol. 153, no. 1, Art. no. 1, 2000, doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00102200008947255.
    29. S. Unterberger, T. Heinzel, C. Storm, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Co-utilisation of coal and biomass in combustion systems,” in 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, 05.-09.06.2000, Sevilla, Spain, 2000.
    30. S. Unterberger, H. Spliethoff, and K. R. G. Hein, “Zufeuerung von Biomasse in Kohlekraftwerken,” 2000.
    31. E. Welfonder, “Unbundling and safe operation of power systems - solutions for the practice,” 26.-29.04.2000, Brussels/Belgium, 2000.
    32. U. Zuberbühler and G. Baumbach, Entwicklung eines Feuerungskonzeptes zur Verbesserung des Ausbrandes bei gleichzeitiger NOx-Minderung bei der Holzverbrennung im gewerblichen Bereich. Stuttgart: Institut für Verfahrenstechnik und Dampfkesselwesen, 2000.
    33. Ö. Ünal, W. de Jong, H. Spliethoff, C. Kuner, H. Nagel, and K. R. G. Hein, “Vergleich von Braunkohle und Holz für verschiedene Druckwirbelschichtfeuerungen der 2. Generation,” 28.-29.03.2000, Cottbus. VDI-Berichte 1535, 2000.
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