Firing Systems

Head

Dipl.-Ing. Jörg Maier

      Phone:   +49 711 685-63396
  Fax: +49 711 685-63491
  E-mail: mail_joer.mai_ifk
 
 
 

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Staff

Dr.-Ing. Selahattin   Babat +49 711 685-63762 mail_sela.bab_ifk
M.Sc. Francisco  Carrasco Maldonado  +49 711 685-68935   
M.Sc. Marta Escoto de Tejada   +49 711 685-66211 mail_mart.esc_ifk
M.Sc. Aaron Fuller +49 711 685-63763  
Dipl.-Ing.(FH)   Simon Grathwohl +49 711 685-63761 mail_simo.gra_ifk 
E-Techniker Marc Hein +49 711 685-67774
M.Sc. Alexander Mack +49 711 685-68941 mail_alex.mac_ifk
Dipl.-Ing.(FH) Thomas Matthies +49 711 685-68920 mail_thom.mat_ifk 
Dipl.-Ing.(FH),
M.Eng.
Eva Miller +49 711 685-68919  
Dipl.-Ing. Adolf Neuwirth +49 711 685-63749
M.Sc. Manoj Paneru +49 711 685-63565 mail_mano.pan_ifk
Dipl.-Ing. Ioannis Papandreou +49 711 685-67763  
Ph.D. Piotr Plaza +49 711 685-63790
M.Sc. Ilia Shesterikov +49 711 685-67775  
B.Sc. Timo Wagner +49 711 685-63492
M.Sc. Reyhane Youssefi +49 711 685-63573
 

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Activities

Der Bereich Kraftwerkstechnik beschäftigt sich experimentell und theoretisch mit feuerungs- und wasserdampfseitigen Problemstellungen von Kraftwerks- und Industriefeuerungsanlagen. Hierzu stehen unterschiedliche Feuerungsanlagen sowohl atmosphärisch wie auch druckaufgeladen im IFK-eigenen Technikum zur Verfügung. In der institutseigenen Werkstatt können forschungsbedingte Anpassungen und Modifikationen der experimentellen Einrichtungen umgehend realisiert werden. Des weiteren bietet ein gut ausgestattetes Brennstoff- und Werkstofflabor die Möglichkeit, die Auswirkungen experimenteller Veränderungen unmittelbar zu erfassen. Parallel werden theoretische Modellansätze zur Erfassung von feuerungstechnischen Phänomenen eingesetzt. Auf Basis der experimentell gewonnenen Daten erfolgen eine Validierung der theoretischen Modelle und deren Weiterentwicklung.
Über die Arbeiten im Labor- und Technikum hinaus werden vielfach problemspezifische Messungen in Großanlagen geplant und durchgeführt. Umfangreiche und kraftwerkserprobte Messtechniken stehen hierzu am IFK zur Verfügung.

  • CO2-freie und hoch effiziente Kraftwerkskonzepte z.B. Oxyfuel-Prozess, 700°C Kraftwerk, TBK-Feuerung, Hochtemperaturprozesse (EFCC), Druckfeuerung
  • Biomasse- und Reststoff- Mitverbrennung in Kohlekraftwerken
  • Charakterisierung von Verschmutzungen und Korrosion im Hoch- und Niedertemperaturbereich von Feuerungsanlagen
  • Experimentelle und theoretische Untersuchungen zur Schadstoffentstehung und Reduktion in Kohlekraftwerken (NOx, SO2, Schwermetalle, Feinstäube)
  • Untersuchung zu betrieblichen Problemen von Kohlekraftwerken (Zündung, Ausbrand, Ansatzbildung, Korrosion)
  • Charakterisierung und Nutzung von Reststoffen (Flugasche, Gips)
  • Entwicklung und Erprobung von Analyse- und Test-Standards (CEN, DIN)

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Projects

  • Development of a Superheater Tube-Lifetime Model for the combustion of refined biomass fuels in power plants, industrial furnaces (co-combustion), and de-centralized applications (biomass combustion), IGF No. 18370 N
    During the combustion of pre-treated biomass with its high contents of chlorine and alkali as well as heavy metals, highly corrosive conditions prevail which place high demands on the installed metal components. The research focus of IFK in this BMWi (Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology) -funded project is the characterization of different pre-treated biomass fuels as well as their evaluation with regard to ash and deposit formation on flue gas side. The DECHEMA Research Institute concentrates on the further development and optimization of suitable coating processes for the protection of the metal surfaces against high-temperature corrosion.
    Contact persons: E. Miller, J. Maier
    Test Facility: KSVA
    Beginning: 01.06.2016, time: 30 months
     
  • CEMCAP - CO2 capture from cement production
    CEMCAP is an Horizon 2020 project regarding CCS technology development for cement production. IFK’s department Firing Systems is involved in the design, testing and optimization of an oxy-fuel burner as well as in the experimental investigation of entrained flow calcination under oxy-fuel conditions. The Decentralized Energy Conversion department of the IFK is also involved in the project with investigations on the Calcium Looping process.
    Contact person: F. Carrasco, J. Maier
    Test Facility: BTS-VR, KSVA
    Beginning: 01.05.2015, time: 48 months
     
  • CERUBIS - Corrosion and Emission Reduction of Utility Boilers through Intelligent Systems
    In this RFCS EU research project IFK focusses on fireside high temperature corrosion attack against several alloys used in boilers in power plants under different emission regimes and fuels. The inferences should optimise prediction and avoiding of corrosive operation of coal-fired power plants by intelligent Sensing Systems.
    Contact person: P. Winter, J. Maier
    Test Facility: BTS-VR, KSVA, laboratory testing, power plants
    Beginning: July 2014, time: 48 months
     
  • BiOxySorb - Economic low carbon power production and emissions control for future and flexible biomass co-fired power stations
    The main objective of the EU RFCS project BiOxySorb is an experimental and techno-economic assessment of 1st and 2nd generation biomass co-combustion under both air- and oxy-fuel conditions at various co-combustion ratios in combination with flexible, low cost SOx, HCl and Hg emission control by sorbent injection. The project is administered and technically coordinated by IFK.
    Contact person: R. Spörl, J. Maier
    Test Facility: KSVA, BTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.07.2013, time: 36 months
     
  • Co-firing of Biomass in Coal-Fueled Steam Power Plants
    The focus of the project is to perform a techno-economic assessment of co-firing regionally available biomass fuels in coal-fired power plants. The project should clearly identify problems associated with co-firing at high thermal shares while also prescribing possible scenarios and to what extent biomasses can serve as substitute to coal in power plants. IFK is responsible for performing combustion tests and assessment of performance characteristics of various biomass fuels in cooperation with IET (Technical University Hamburg), who in addition to project coordination will perform detailed simulation and modeling in order to identify the best possible case scenarios for co-firing various biomasses in coal-fired power plants.
    Contact person: C. Ndibe, M. Paneru, J. Maier
    Test Facility: KSVA, BTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.12.2012, time: 36 months
     
  • BioBoost - Biomass based energy intermediates boosting biofuel production
    The BioBoost project concentrates on dry and wet residual biomass and wastes as feedstock for de-central conversion by fast pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonisation to the intermediate energy carriers’ oil, coal or slurry. IFK is performing combustion test of the energy carriers produced from these processes (Bio-Char from pyrolysis and Bio-Coal from hydrothermal carbonisation process). Investigations will focus on the combustion/co-combustion performance and emission behavior. Moreover, fly ash and deposit characteristics regarding slagging fouling and corrosion will be evaluated.
    Contact person: M. Paneru, J. Maier
    Test facility: BTS-VR, KSVA
    Beginning: 01.01.2012, time: 42 months
     
  • SECTOR - Production of Solid Sustainable Energy Carriers from Biomass by Means of Torrefaction
    The SECTOR project is focussed on the further development of torrefaction-based technologies for the production of solid bioenergy carriers up to pilot-plant scale and beyond, and on supporting the market introduction of torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers as a commodity (renewable solid fuel).
    IFK is coordinating the end-use performance evaluation of these torrefaction-based bioenergy carriers considering four end-use options, starting from raw biomass to heat, electricity, biofuels, bio-chemicals and/or bio-materials.
    Contact person: C. Ndibe, J. Maier
    Test Facility: KSVA, BTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.01.2012, time: 36 months
     
  • RELCOM - Reliable and Efficient Combustion of Oxygen/Coal/Recycled Flue Gas Mixtures
    In the EU FP7 research project, IFK is involved in fuel, flame and combustion characterization and investigations of high temperature gas-side corrosion, flue gas clean-up and the behavior of mercury under oxy-fuel combustion conditions.
    Contact person: M. Escoto de Tejada, J. Maier
    Test facility: BTS-VR, KSVA
    Beginning: 01.12.2011, time: 48 months
     
  • ADECOS Components - Component Development and Process Optimisation for Oxyfuel
    IIn this German federal research project, IFK investigates the influence of fuel composition and combustion conditions (air, oxy-fuel) on deposit and ash formation and transformation. Moreover, interactions between flue gases, deposits and heat exchanger materials are being evaluated.
    Contact person: R. Spörl, M. Paneru
    Test facility: KSVA, BTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.04.2011, time: 36 months
     
  • COORETEC – Corrosion, fouling and slagging in supercritical power plants with the new state-of-the-art materials
    The project is administered and technically coordinated by IVD. Major RTD topic is influence of supercritical steam parameters and the combustion atmosphere on the new state-of-the-art evaporator and superheater materials in both conventional air and oxy-fuel firings.
    Contact person: G. Stein-Brzozowska,  O. Lemp
    Test facilities: KSVA,  laboratory tests, long-time expositions, field measurements in power plants
    Beginning: 01.01.2007, time: 4 years
     
  • OxyBURNER - Development of advanced large scale low NOx oxy-fuel burner for PF combustion
    The project is administered and technically coordinated by IVD. Major RTD topics are combustion tests with different burner set-ups and validation and evaluation of burner set-ups (up to a scale of 30 MW) by using the IFK CFD combustion model AIOLOS.
    Contact person: S. GrathwohlJ. Maier
    Test facilities: KSVABTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.07.2006, time: 36 months
     
  • RECOMBIO - Recovered Fuels Combined with Biomass
    The project is administered and technically coordinated by IVD. Major RTD topics are the development and demonstration of innovative approaches to the high efficient co-utilisation of low quality biomasses and Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF) produced from municipal solid waste (MSW) for electricity production and combined heat and power (CHP) usage, at competitive costs, high plant availability and advanced energy efficiency.
    Contact person: B. Schwald ,  A. Fuller
    Test facilities: KSVABTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.01.2010, time: 36 months
     
  • KW 21 - Fouling and Slagging
    Investigation of the physicochemical procedures during the transformation of the coal minerals and the reduction of fouling and slagging tendencies at the superheater tubes of modern power plants.
    Contact person: S. Babat ,  O. Lemp
    Test facilities: KSVA,  Power plants
    Beginning: 01.01.2009, time: 4 years
     
  • KW 21 - Investigations on the development of innovative burner technologies and firing systems for use in low-CO2 coal-fired power plants (oxy-fuel power plants)
    Contact person: S. GrathwohlJ. Maier
    Test facilities: KSVABTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.01.2009, time: 36 months
     
  • DEBCO - Demonstration of Large Scale Biomass Co-Firing and Supply Chain Integration
    The project is administered and technically coordinated by IVD. The DEBCO project responds to the need for further operational experience in high share biomass co-firing using different type of fuels. The project aim to demonstrate and assess, on a long term basis, the advanced and innovative co-firing techniques that are capable of achieving higher shares of biomass up to 50% more on a thermal basis.
    Contact person: B. Schwald ,  A. Fuller ,  G. Dunnu
    Test facilities: KSVABTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.01.2008, time: 48 months
     
  • Poly-Stabilat - Polygeneration through gasification utilising secondary fuels derived from MSW
    Contact person: G. Dunnu ,  J. Maier
    Test facilities: DIVA/ELWIRA
    Beginning: 10.2008, time: 36 months
     
  • OxyCorr - Boiler corrosion under oxy-fuel conditions
    The project is administered and technically coordinated by IVD. Major interest is in the influence of the oxy-fuel combustion on the state-of-the-art super-heater materials.
    Contact person: G. Stein-Brzozowska
    Test facilities: KSVABTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.09.2009, time: 36 months
     
  • ENCAP - Enhanced Capture of CO2 (EU, 34 partners):
    The project aims at technologies that meet the target of at least a 90% CO2-capture rate. IVD, as one of the major RTD providers, focuses on the operation and emission formation under Oxyfuel process conditions up to a scale of 500 kW.
    Contact person: J. Maier
    Test facilities: KSVABTS-VR
    Beginning: 01.03.2004, time: 5 years

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Patents and Patent Applications

Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Bestimmung der Deposition in Kraftwerkskesseln und Hochtemperaturöfen
see also further information

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Publications

Publications 2017

Publications 2016

Publications 2015

Publications 2014

Publications 2013

Publications 2012

Publications 2011

further Publications

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